Pursuant to the Order of the Minister of Health RD-01-677 / 25.11.2020 in connection with the complicated epidemic situation related to the spread of COVID-19, Regional Historical Museum - Burgas will not be open for visitors in the period 28.11. 2020 - 21.12.2020 inclusive.
This year's excavations of the Rusokastro fortress were completed in the beginning of October 2020. As a result, the dungeon of the castle, a large fragment of the eastern fortress wall and a brand new rectangular tower were completely uncovered.
Usually, every animal bone found is collected during the research process. During their analysis, the archaeozoologist Georgi Ribarov came across an extremely interesting find. This is a shoulder of a horse, found in a layer from the end of the XIII-beginning of the XIV century. It has been subjected to heat treatment - the meat is eaten after roasting, which is clearly visible from the characteristic change in the color of the bone. Then, on one surface of the shoulder in three places there are clear traces of burning. It is almost certain that it is a matter of pressing a hot iron with a circular cross-section on the surface of the bone. In this way, three circles are burned, equidistant from each other, in a line.
Such a case is not known in the scientific literature and historical sources. In Bulgarian traditional culture, the horse is a very strong, sacred animal, and such actions on horse bones are very unusual. It is known that divination on a lamb shoulder by a special person-caretaker, but no similar actions are known on a horse bone.
At the moment, the researchers' working hypothesis is that it is a ritual action, that is completely unknown as a parallel in Bulgarian traditional culture.
It is possible that this discovery was related to a completely foreign culture - it is possible that Tatars or Cumans performed this ritual.
The excavations of the Rusokastro fortress are carried out by the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
Due to the complicated epidemic situation, the traditional annual round table in the town of Ahtopol, organized by the Black Sea Strandzha Association and dedicated to the cultural heritage of Strandzha, took place in a limited composition. Petar Kanev, chairman of the association, and Milen Nikolov, director of RHM-Burgas were present. An overview of the archeological excavations on the southern Black Sea coast in 2020 was made, as well as the achieved results. The prospects for conducting archeological and historical research in the Strandzha region in 2021 in the conditions of a pandemic were also discussed.
At the end of the meeting, an Agreement for cooperation and joint activities was signed between the Black Sea Strandzha Association and the Burgas Regional History Museum, in accordance with the normative documents in the field of cultural heritage. It is planned to implement joint projects in the field of scientific publishing, joint exhibitions and promotion of the cultural heritage of Strandzha.
The meeting was held under the patronage of Valcho Cholakov - District Governor of Burgas, and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Boni Petrunova, Director of the National History Museum - Sofia.
For the third year in a row, the Far-1946 Community Center organized an evening dedicated to November 1 - the Day of the People's Awakeners. It will be held on October 30, Friday, from 18:00, in the hall of the District Administration, the organizers announced.
This year the focus will be on the Burgas awakeners from the past and today.
Participants in the festive evening will be the wonderful young artists of the Community Center "Far 1946" - DTF "Smile" led by Rumyana Kraleva and the sweet-voiced singers from the VF "Sea Sands" with conductor Milena Dobreva.
"We are glad that the event is gaining more and more supporters. Traditionally," Awakener - Today "diplomas will be awarded to patriotic and dedicated Burgas activists," said the secretary of the community center Emilia Dikova.
The event is co-organized by the Community Center "Phare-1946" are the Municipality of Burgas, District Administration, Regional History Museum, State Archives - Burgas and Interact Club - Burgas.
The new documentary book "Burgas fortified during the Balkan War 1912 - 1913" by author and compiler Yana Ivanova - historian in RHM-Burgas, was presented yesterday at the Cultural Center Sea Casino in Burgas. At the same time, valuable original documents were presented to the general public, arranged in an exhibition related to the history of our city from the beginning of the 20th century. The publication presents a remarkable biography of Major Hristo Popov, assistant commandant of the checkpoint in this period and tells about the creation and functioning of the military formation. Data on the defense sections along the guarded coast, the names of their commanders and their constituent parts are published. Tables of the Headquarters of the checkpoint, the available staff and armament are presented.
The historian Prof. Svetlozar Eldarov from the Institute of Balkan Studies with a Center for Thracology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences spoke about the most interesting highlights that stand out in the monograph. He stressed that the newly exported data are extremely valuable.
"This book is significant in the first place for the history of Burgas. This is a whole new chapter, which has so far been absent from the official history of the city and other historical research, "said Prof. Eldarov.
The director of RHM-Burgas, Dr. Milen Nikolov, told how the publication of the security came about. He stressed that the published information is a completely new and unknown historical source.
Among all the documents in the archives of Hristo Popov, read and published in the book, stands out his "Diary of the military actions of the assistant commander of the Burgas fortified post." It mentions various interesting circumstances. Among them are the bombing of the lighthouse on Cape Emine, the landing at Media, the appearance of the Turkish fleet around the Bulgarian coast. A curious point is the description of the appearance of the torpedoes from the attack of the fleet against "Hamidie" on the shores of St. Nikola (now Chernomorets) on November 13, 1912.
In addition to details about the organization and conduct of purely military events, the book also tells details about life in the city, such as celebrations of various holidays, the fight against epidemics, information about the port, the state of the sea with ice on the shores and storms. of winter storms, for the railway station and many other interesting facts.
The author of the book, Yana Ivanova, shared the difficulties she encountered in her work and thanked the people and institutions that helped her to successfully implement her project. "While reading the documentation, I was impressed by the scale of what happened in Burgas during that period," said Yana Ivanova. She expressed her desire to continue her research on the subject.
A copy of the book can be purchased in the museum shop of the Historical Museum at 31 Lermontov Street. The exhibition also includes an exhibition of original documents, on the basis of which the book was created.
On October 22, Thursday, at 5:30 pm in the Georgi Baev Hall of the Sea Casino, the Burgas Regional History Museum will present an exhibition and a book about the Burgas fortification during the Balkan War of 1912-1913.
For the first time, original documents related to the history of our city from the beginning of the 20th century will be shown - military field diaries, telegrams, etc.
Another highlight of the museum event is the recently published scientific publication tracing the formation and activities of the Burgas fortified during the Balkan War 1912 - 1913. Its author and compiler is Yana Ivanova - a historian in RIM - Burgas. For several years she researched the valuable archives of Major Hristo G. Popov - Assistant Commandant of the station. The main contribution to her research is the publication of the diaries of the Burgas fortified settlement by Hristo Popov, which are a completely new and hitherto unknown historical source for the city of Burgas. The presented data shed light on the military life in the city in a different aspect. The book contains unknown data about the military hospitals, the Turkish prisoners of war and the wounded Bulgarian soldiers who were treated in the city of Burgas. The protection of the sea coast, the fire defense points from today's town of Obzor to the town of Tsarevo, the routes of the Turkish and Bulgarian warships during the fighting, the torpedoing of the cruiser "Hamidie" and the opening of the Bulgarian torpedoes on the Sozopol coast are presented in great detail. , from which it is clear that it was the torpedo of the ship "Daring" that struck the Turkish ship. Data on the port of Bourgas are also presented, as well as curious moments about the attempts for smuggling by some ships. During the preparation of the specialized edition a number of additional references and analyzes were made in libraries, archives and museums. The aim of the author is to show the importance of the Burgas fortification as an important social factor, as well as the role of personalities such as Hristo G. Popov and Lazar Obreshkov. The desire is to strengthen the connection between the interested reader and the museum as a scientific institution, in fulfillment of the patriotic mission of preserving and presenting the national memory.
The book will be presented by Prof. Svetlozar Eldarov from the Institute of Balkan Studies with a Center for Thracology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
The project for the exhibition and the book "Burgas Fortress during the Balkan War" was developed by RIM-Burgas and is funded by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria and the museum's own funds.
After October 23, 2020, the exhibition will be exhibited in the Historical Museum at 31 Lermontov Street.
A copy of the book can be purchased during the presentation and then at the museum store.
<img style="max-width:600px;float:left" src="uploads/albums/album348/121212257_4048610585165602_1327911064748473012_o.jpg" / > On October 8, 2020 in the National Historical Museum was opened the exhibition of the Regional Historical Museum of Burgas "Known and unknown from the Burgas region". The exhibition brings together three themes that reveal the rich cultural heritage of the region.
The first topic is the exhibition "Bulgarian refugees in our memory", which through information boards and preserved authentic costumes from the fund of the Regional Historical Museum of Burgas shows the difficult fate of our compatriots from Eastern Thrace, Western Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. The exhibition presents the creation of the Sarafovo neighborhood and the Refugee Loan of December 22, 1926, which our country takes for the land of the settlers and the construction of the so-called Sharon houses in the cities on the southern Black Sea coast.
The second topic is dedicated to a unique custom typical of Strandzha Mountain - "Firefighting - Bulgarian magic with fiery embers". The author of the exhibition is Tsonya Drazheva (1954-2013), who was also a long-time director of the museum in Burgas. Fans of the ancient custom have the opportunity to see and get acquainted with exhibits and photos related to the magical dance, performed today, on the night of June 3rd to 4th in the village of Bulgari, municipality. Small Tarnovo. Among the most famous firefighters remains Grandma Zlata, who went into the embers until the end of her days, because firefighting is magic - the magic of fire, the magic of walking on coals, the magic of connecting man with another world. Independently, the exhibition has visited various points and regions in the country - BAS Sofia, IM-Kavarna, RIM-Haskovo, EMO "Etar", RIM-Shumen, REM-Plovdiv, etc., is also presented in Poland.
The third theme features authentic costumes from the fund of the Regional Historical Museum of Burgas, which reveal the diversity of ethnographic and ethnic groups living in the Burgas region. The traditional women's costumes are from Malko Tarnovo, the villages of Kozichino, Fakia, Tranak, Esen.
The exhibition was opened by Deputy. Director of NIM Eng. Nadia Nikolova, Diana Savateva - Deputy. Mayor of Culture, Tourism and Sports of the city of Burgas and Plamena Kirova - ethnologist at RIM Burgas. Sofians and guests of the capital can view the exhibition until December 2020 in the hall for temporary exhibitions of NHM.
St. Peter's Island is a small island in the Bulgarian territorial waters of the Black Sea. Its altitude is up to 9 m. It is located about fifty meters east of the island of St. Ivan, near Sozopol. It is assumed that with rising sea levels over the past two millennia and the accompanying geological processes has separated from the island of St. John. The island is not mentioned in written sources until the second half of the 19th century. The Greek historian Lambros Kamberidis assumes that after the other two islands in the waters of Sozopol (St. Ivan and St. Kirik and Julita) were named after the church buildings there, it is likely and St. Peter had a church or monastery, and the memory of him is preserved in the name. The long-time director of the museum in Burgas, Tsonya Drazheva, also mentions the existence of the foundations of a chapel on the island.
Until the autumn of 2020 on the island of St. Peter no archaeological research has been conducted. There are no data on accidental finds in Bulgarian museums. An exception is a well-preserved stone stock found south of the island by divers who have deposited it in the National History Museum.
From 28.09 to 8.10.2020 the first regular archeological excavations of the island were carried out. Several boreholes have been laid on an area of 66 sq. m.
Positive results from the study of the island have been achieved in the eastern sector of the excavations, where two structures are located - low mounds of accumulated imported soil, covered with small stones. Fragments of amphorae, bowls, thick-walled kitchen utensils were found in the soil. Fragments of thin-walled ceramic vessels covered with red lacquer and black varnish were also found. Of interest is the discovery of a bronze tip on a three-pointed arrow.
From the excavations and geological surveys carried out by Ch. Assistant Professor Dr. Stefan Velev (Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski") the following summaries can be made:
1. On today's island of St. Peter there was a seaside sanctuary. The ritual was the accumulation of small mounds of earth covered with stones. Based on the finds, the sanctuary dates from the end of the 5th century BC. There are no finds that can be dated to other eras.
2. There are no remains on the island and no evidence of the existence of a stone structure that could be associated with a supposed temple, chapel or larger church.
3. According to the geological research conducted by Dr. St. Velev, it can be said with a high degree of certainty that 2500 years ago, today's islands of St. John and St. Peter were an island divided into two separate parts at a much later time.
Archaeological excavations were conducted under the direction of Prof. Dr. Ivan Hristov (National History Museum - Sofia) and Dr. Milen Nikolov (Regional History Museum - Burgas). The studies are funded by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
On October 1, 2020, Thursday, from 14:00, in the yard of the Ethnographic Museum - Burgas, a press conference will be held, which will announce the results of research in the gulf of Chengene skele in the area of Cape Chiroza. Data on an underwater settlement from the ancient era will be presented, as well as the results of land research. For the first time, information about a newly studied underwater site in this area will be presented. This is probably a shipwreck of a wooden ship from the 17th-18th century, from which part of the cargo was found - European glass objects such as jugs, wine glasses and many others, which are of extremely high quality workmanship.
During the press conference will be presented the best preserved finds from the research - amphorae, battle stone ball, stone rod, glass objects and others.
The press conference will be attended by the Mayor of Burgas Dimitar Nikolov and the scientific supervisors of the research - Prof. Dr. Ivan Hristov, Deputy Director of the National History Museum and Ch. Assistant Professor Dr. Naiden Prahov - Director of the Center for Underwater Archeology - Sozopol.
Archaeological excavations of Cape Chiroza are carried out jointly by the Municipality of Burgas, National History Museum - Sofia, Center for Underwater Archeology - Sozopol, Regional History Museum - Burgas.
From 24 to 26 September 2020, Burgas will host for the fourth consecutive year the international forum DiPP2020 for digitalization of cultural and scientific heritage under the auspices of UNESCO. It is organized by the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences with the support of the Municipality of Burgas and the Research Fund.
The prestigious scientific event will be opened on September 24, 2020 at 13:00 in the Cultural Center "Sea Casino", Burgas.
The International Conference "Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage" traditionally brings together working centers in the country and abroad to present the latest achievements in the field of ICT for cultural and scientific heritage and to identify guidelines for future research. More than 400 scientists from more than 25 countries (Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, China, Latvia, Portugal, Romania, Russia, USA, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, France, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic) participated in the previous 9 editions of DiPP , Switzerland, etc.), who presented scientific and project reports published in the conference proceedings (with open access to: http://dipp.math.bas.bg).
The conference aims to present innovations, projects and scientific and applied research in the field of digital documentation, archiving, presentation and preservation of world and national tangible and intangible cultural and scientific heritage. The main focus is to ensure open access to the digitized national cultural and scientific heritage and to pursue sustainable policies for its continued digital preservation and preservation. Priority is given to the digital presentation and preservation of cultural and historical monuments at risk. Innovative technologies and prototypes will be demonstrated at the conference, incl. digital repositories, digital archives, virtual museums and digital libraries, the result of established practices and achievements in the field. Public and specialized libraries, museums, galleries, archives, centers, research institutions and universities (national and foreign) are invited to exchange experiences, ideas and results on the theme of the conference.
The research and results presented at the forum are published in the referenced and indexed in Web of Science and Scopus edition-collection in English, which is printed before the conference.
Co-organizers of the event are: Regional Academic Center of BAS - Burgas, Municipality of Burgas, Regional History Museum - Burgas, Burgas Free University and Index Ltd.
Seminar and national information day "Open access to scientific publications and data", organized by the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
Seminar "Virtual museums and their educational applications", organized by the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics - BAS) within the National Research Program "Cultural and Historical Heritage, National Memory and Social Development" (approved by Decision of the Council of Ministers №577 / 17.08.2018 ).
More information about the conference can be found on the DiPP2020 website.