On 20.09.2018, Thursday, at 17:00h., in the hall of the Archaeological Museum in Karnobat, the exhibition "19th Century Luxury" will be opened for visitors. The exhibition is as a joint project of of Regional historical museum - Burgas and Regional historical museum - Russe.
The exhibition is held in Karnobat on the occasion of the city's celebration - September 26th.
The exhibits are part of the collections of luxury objects, which RHM Burgas in 1996 and 2000 after their detention by Customs Burgas, in an attempt to smuggle cultural heritage through the territory of Bulgaria. In the period 2008 - 2016 the objects are included in the exhibition "Donated and Rescued Treasures", which for years enjoyed high visitor interest in the hall of the Historical Exposition in Burgas on 31 Lermontov" St.
The "French Collection" received in the museum in 1996 includes 13 desk clocks, 32 pcs. vases and 11 pcs. candlesticks, lampshades, chandeliers, silver trays, silver liquor service and a boudoir. In 2000, they were detained at the Customs and sent to the Museum, the "Romanian collection", which contains paintings, picture frames, mirrors, carved chest and workshops made in Austro-Hungarian Empire and Italian studios and part of the interiors of European homes from the early 20th century.
"The 19th Century Luxury" presents the trends and ideas in art from the time of the European Enlightenment, the changes that followed the Industrial Revolution in England, the modernization and development of creative images in the 19th to the early 20th century.
For more than three years now the Regional Museums of Burgas and Russe have united around the topic "The 19th Century Luxury". Thus, the Burgas collection of "rescued treasures", in the form of a mobile exhibition, reaches an wider audience.
An unknown fortress wall, ending with a round battle tower, was discovered during the studies of the medieval Bulgarian town Rusokastro. It descends from the northern end of the castle to the northwest, and guard the way to the main entrance of the fortress.
The newly revealed wall is 2.5 to 2.9 m wide and is preserved at a height of 2.1 m. It is laid directly on the rock and overcomes a 4 m displacement. It is made of stone slabs with mortar. The tower is round, dense, with a diameter of 5.3 m. Ceramics from 13-14 centuries have been found around it, as well as two coins that are yet to be identified.
The studies of the Rusokastro Fortress are conducted by the Regional historical museum of Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
In the European Days of Heritage (21-23.09.2018) the Regional Historical Museum Burgas will offer free group guides for the guests of its four expositions - Archaeological, Ethnographic, Historical and Natural History. In each of the three days the museum curators will have two lectures, from which the visitors will learn interesting facts about the exhibits as well as about the history of Burgas region.
Free lectures will offered upon the following schedule:
Ethnographical Museum (Burgas, 69 Slavyanska Str.) - 10.30 and 16.30 h.
Archaeological Museum (Burgas, 21 Al. Bogoridi Str.) - 11.30 and 17.30 h.
Historical Museum (Burgas, 31 Lermontov Str.) - 12.30 and 15.30 h.
Natural History Museum (Burgas, 30 K.Kotinov Str.) - 13.30 h.
The three-day celebrations in Tourist and archaeological complex Aquae Calidae began with presentation of the first book dedicated to the ancient mineral baths and the recently completed conservation and restoration works.
The luxurious edition carries the title "Aquae Calidae - the favourite baths of emperors, tsars and sultans" It marks the 10th year of systemic archaeological excavations in the Burgas Mineral Baths, summarizing their results so far. The book consists of 200 pages full color print with many photos and information in Bulgarian, English and Turkish.
"Aquae Calidae - the favourite baths of emperors, tsars and sultans" has a limited edition of 300 copies and will be used mostly for representative purposes to advertise the archaeological site.
The issue of the book is part of the project "TOGETHER", funded by Interreg-IPP Bulgaria - Turkey Cross-Border Cooperation Program 2014-2020.
Official guests of the presentation were the Consul of the Republic of Turkey in Burgas Nuray Inontepe, the Deputy Governor of Burgas District Prof. Sevdalina Tourmanova, public figures and historians.
The program for the next two days in Aquae Calidae continues with a mediaeval festival, a fire show, interesting historical talks, demonstrations and more. There will also be a festive edition of the Art&Facts initiative. In open-air workshops, children will make bracelets or medallions of ceramic elements as well as stamped leather souvenirs. Purchasers of products can visit the Aquae Calidae Museum and watch a 3D movie for free. The fees are 3 BGN for one item and 1 BGN for a second item.
The archaeologists, exploring the medieval Bulgarian town of Rusokastro, were delighted by an unexpected find. The excavation of a monumental building in the fortress castle has revealed a truncated cone made of striped Chalcedon, also known as agate. This is a very hard precious stone, which is highly valued both in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. The find is extremely polished, and is a rare example of medieval jewellery. Only a fraction of one half of the entire subject is found. It has been drilled with very great end-to-end craftsmanship and probably has been mounted on a metal or wooden spike through the circular groove.
So far, Burgas archaeologists, exploring the medieval town of Rusokastro, have found no analogue to this exquisite ornament. They suggest that it was used for decoration of the back of a ceremonial chair like a throne. A final answer to this question will only be given when discovering another similar subject.
This jewellery piece was discovered together with a silver coin of the Bulgarian Tsar Todor Svetoslav Terter (reigned between 1300-1322).
The find has a preserved height of 5 cm, but it was much higher. Its diameter was 4.7 cm. It is a very beautiful specimen of agate with colourful stripes in a brown-purple tone.
The excavations of the medieval fortress town of Rusokastro are conducted by the Regional historical museum of Burgas and are financed by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The exhibition of RHM Burgas "The Bulgarian refugees in our memory" will be part of the Summer cultural days organized in the municipality of Malko Tarnovo.
The exposition presenting the difficulties and the road of the Bulgarian refugees can be visited from 11.30 hours on 23.08.2018 (Thursday) in the Hall of Community Center "Prosveta 1914" (Malko Turnovo).
The exhibition "Bulgarian Refugees in Our Memory" was realized in 2016 as a part of the project funded by the Bulgarian Ministry of Culture. It summarizes historical information about the Bulgarians from Asia Minor, Eastern and Western Thrace, who were driven away from their native places in the period 1912-1913 and ran to the borders of the new Bulgarian state as refugees - immigrants. One of the major centers of these processes is the area of Malko Tarnovo.
The video lessons were created within the project "Old fishermen looking for online apprentices" under the Cultural Heritage Program - sub-program "Intangible Cultural Heritage", which is part of the Bulgarian National Culture Fund. For a period of one year, the project was realized as a result of the successful partnership between the Regional historical museum of Burgas and the NGO "Morski sgovor". The aim was to connect two very different worlds - the vast expanse of the sea with the global information network to allow the popularization of fishing practices from the Bulgarian Black Sea coast.
After filming and processing, a digital repository was also organized as a part of the museum website for virtual presentation of fisheries related items - fishing tackle, nets, harrows, antique anchors, net weights and photographs from the recent past.
The Burgas Museum and NGO "Morski sgovor" continue the campaign to attract new materials for the virtual exhibition - photos and recordings of fishermen, objects and stories.
From the video channel "Old Fishermen looking for online apprentices", you'll learn what is uzukma and mermetosvane, which one is the appropriate net for catching turbot, bluefish and jack mackerel. To expand its content, the fishermen hope everyone will capture their own video and send it. Playlist option have been given the ability to easily add and share videos from different authors and subtopics.
The archaeological excavations of the western fortress wall of the Rusokastro castle has been completed. Further 48 m from the monumental fortification facility, which is the largest of the medieval city's founding system so far, has been fully explored, so its total length reaches 68 m.
The western fortress wall of the medieval castle Rusokastro
The width of the wall ranges from 2.80 m at the entrance of the fortress to 4.2 m in the northernmost end, where it rests on the natural rocky peak. Such a width of a medieval fortress wall is known only at the Tsarevets and Trapezitsa royal citadels in the medieval Bulgarian capital of Turnovo. This fact is still under consideration by the Burgas archaeologists, who lead the studies of the Rusokastro fortress.
The fortress wall is traced over the rock wreath of the volcanic hill, and in some cases the rock pockets were filled with stones, mortar and soil. It is on this substrate that the base of the fortifications was laid in the steepest sections. The early Byzantine fortress wall from the 6th c. passed here. From the excavations it became clear that during the first half of the 13th century, under the reign of Tsar Ivan Assen II, this early wall was dismantled almost to the base, widened to 2.5 m and already as a whole wall the facility was raised in height. Archaeologists suggest that it was at least 12 m high considering thewidth of the base.
The newly discovered rectangular tower
On the outer face of the fortress wall the archaeologists discovered a dense tower with a rectangular plan (4.8 m wide and 5.4 m long).
A gold coin of the Emperor Andronik III Paleologus was discovered during the study of the fortress wall.
The studies of the Rusokastro fortress are conducted by the Regional historical museum Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture.
The work on the second stage of the restoration and conservation of Aquae calidae is coming to an end. This autumn, visitors will be able to explore the archaeological structures over special footbridges to perceive their true scale.
The director of Regional historical museum Burgas Milen Nikolov presented to the Mayor Dimitar Nikolov the progress of the socialization on the archaeological site. Decorative lighting is installed, the cold pool of the Roman baths is drained and restored, the southern buildings between the apodyterium and the bath of Suleiman Magnificent are conservated. A collection of selected findings will be digitized and presented on screens at the Museum in Aquae Calidae and the Archaeological Exposition of RHM Burgas. The activities under the second stage of the conservation and restoration are part of the project "Common Cultural Heritage without Borders - TOGETHER", funded under the Interreg - IPA Cross-border Cooperation Programme Bulgaria – Turkey 2014 – 2020.
Archaeological surveys this summer were concentrated in the northern part of the site. In the next phase of the socialization of Aquae Calidae, the eastern buildings will be preserved and a museum with a copy of a Roman bath will be built over them.
In 2018, 10 years have passed since the beginning of the archaeological excavations in the territory of the ancient and medieval town of Aquae Calidae, around which are the present day districts of Mineralni Bani, Banevo and Vetren. Already more than 2000 years ago the ancient Thracians used the place because of the healing properties of the water from the mineral spring at this place. In the 1st century AD, the Roman baths were built, which then continue to be used and upgraded by Byzantines, Bulgarians and Ottomans. On the occasion of the anniversary, the first book on the history of ancient baths will be published. It will be presented on September 14th in the days of Aquae Calidae.
A treasure of seven silver coins was discovered during the excavations in Rusokastro Fortress. The coins were found alongside each other as a collective mint find. At the moment, four of them are not separated because this should be done in a special restoration workshop. The coins have a nominal of groat, and are known by the name tornesel. They were minted in the Principality of Achaea, also known as the Despotate of the Morea. It was located in Peloponnese (today's Greece) and formed after the fourth crusade.
Coins are approximately 0.9 g heavy. The face is represented by an equal cross, and on the opposite side is a tower of a Catholic cathedral. The treasure was discovered during the study of a monumental representative building with dimensions 20 m in length and 8 m in width, in which three solid stone staircases were built, carrying vaults and a second floor.
The researches of Rusokastro Fortress have been organized by Regional historical museum in Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.