On September 26, 2019 (Thursday), the proceedings "Thrace and Hemimont IV-XIV Century" - volume II will be presented at the Karnobat Archaeological Museum. The event starts at 16:00 h.
The proceedings is an edition of the Karnobat Historical Museum and the House-museum "D.Polyanov", printed with the financial support of Municipality Karnobat, Formula-2 OOD., Karnobat and Electrostoyezhi AD, Haskovo. It is a result of the Second National Scientific Conference "Thrace and Hemimont IV-XIV Century" held in 2011. At the heart of this issue are reports presenting the latest results of studies of the historical processes in the provinces of Thrace in the period from the Late Antiquity (early Byzantine) to the end of the Bulgarian Middle Ages. Important issues are covered from the field of archaeology, history, numismatics and sphragistics.
Two of the most elite Bulgarian treasures can be seen in Burgas until the end of September. Nearly 8,000 visitors have visited the guest exhibitions "The Thracian Gold Treasure from Vulchitrun" and "The Memory of Greater Bulgaria" in the Treasury Hall of the Archaeological Museum (21 Bogoridi St.) since the beginning of the summer season.
The Vulchitrun treasure is the largest Thracian gold treasure discovered so far in Bulgaria. It consists of nine vessels with a purity of gold of 88% and a total weight of 12.5 kg, as the largest of which is 4.5 kg. It is believed that the gold vessels were used in the cult practices of Thracian priests who lived in the period 1600-1200 BC.
The exhibition "The memory of Greater Bulgaria" presents the most impressive objects of Khan Kubrat's treasure from Malaya Pereschepina - the golden rings of the khan with his name, a scepter, gold goblets and jars, a gold rhyton, gold tips and applications from the Khan belt and many . et al. They are the only museum copies of the originals that are stored in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. The exhibits are the property of the National Museum of History-Sofia and are specially designed for the native audience to touch the history of the Bulgarians. Khan Kubrat's treasure is the largest early medieval treasure discovered so far in Europe. It is made up of gold and silver objects weighing 76 kg, which eloquently illustrate the extraordinary economic power of Khan Kubrat's state, known in historical sources as Greater Bulgaria.
The latest discovery of the archaeologists exploring the castle of the medieval town of Rusokastro is probably the most important since the beginning of the excavations in 2006. For more than a month, the team from the Regional historical museum of Burgas has been surveying a monumental building built at the highest point of the rocky hill. There, archaeologists discover a huge tower, 15 m long and 12 m wide, which walls are 1.9 m wide. Their faces were made of carefully crafted squares - stones shaped like a cube or parallelepiped, soldered with mortar.
According to the plan, the tower is hexagon - hexagonal, and is not connected to the castle walls. Such archeological sites are called "donjons". These are the main towers of the castles, which are often the homes of the ruler of the fortress or his ruler. Sometimes the term "citadel" means the most fortified part of the medieval city. On the Balkan Peninsula, such sites are called piers or self-defense towers.
"In essence, this is the tower of the ruler, here resided the local ruler - mullet or castrophylaxis, appointed by the ruler of the state. The entrances to such towers were at least 3 meters high, and were reached by walking stairs which, in the event of a siege, were defended by the defenders. The towers were three, four, five stories. Their height was 1.5 to 2 times their width. That is, the tower at Rusokastro probably reached, and perhaps exceeded, 20 m. There were weapons depots, food supplies, bedrooms, and a reservoir in them. Thus, in the event of a siege, even if the city and the castle are taken over, the last defenders and the local aristocrat with their family can defend themselves for a long time until outside aid arrives or until supplies are over, ”Dr. Milen explains. Nikolov and Vasil Mutafov.
The chronology of the newly discovered tower in Rusokastro is yet to be specified, but for now it is believed that it should date from the 13th century.
In Bulgaria and the Balkans, such free-standing polygonal or multi-walled towers are very rare. An example of this is the Tsepina Fortress in the Western Rhodopes - the capital of despot Alexius Slav until 1215, but this tower is an octagon, that is, octagonal. So is the tower in Plateemon fortress in northern Greece.
At this stage of the study, the only hexagonal tower that can be given as the closest analogue to the Rusokastrenska is in the Tsarevi kuli Fortress, near the present-day city of Strumica, in the Republic of Northern Macedonia.
Unfortunately, the very nice building material - the squares - have attracted the attention of many locals from hundreds of years ago and have been removed from the site, leaving even a few landfills in place. Part of the inner walls of the ruler's tower have been preserved, but the outer walls have been almost completely destroyed and the material with which they were built - exported.
The exploration of the interior of the tower of kings is forthcoming. It will start in the last week of August.
For a consecutive year, the archaeological excavations of the medieval Bulgarian town of Rusokastro are conducted by the Burgas Museum and funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The first phase of the excavations in the archaeological site of Aquae Calidae for the summer of 2019 has completed. It initiated a whole new concept in the study of the ancient thermae near Burgas.
While the areas have revealed in 2018 were related to a design change in the concept for new museum-replica of a Roman bath, this year the efforts of archaeologists are concentrated in the northeast end of the baths. In this area is the northeastern apoditerium discovered in 2012, but unexplored so far, as well as the space east of it.
To the east of the architectural structures, the team of researchers again found that the medieval layer from the XI century developed directly over the early Byzantine. According to the head of research Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dimcho Momchilov, this is evident from the large number of finds - coins and ceramics, dating from the same period.
Several levels have been discovered in the northeastern apoditerium, including the most recently used bathhouse from the 13th century and the connected three outflow channels to the south and east to southeast. Fire and use of the premises in different building configurations were monitored with at least four alterations.
Undoubtedly, the most interesting findings this year are two ancient inscriptions discovered from the re-used arias of an ancient temple. The texts are in Greek and Latin and currently expect to be read. Archaeologists hope that they will receive specific information about the early history of the site and its population. Among the other finds, ceramics and coins from the early Byzantine era and from the XI-XIII centuries dominate again.
The survey in Aquae Calidae is carried out by Regional historical museum Burgas and for consecutive year are fully funded by the Municipality of Burgas. In the research team of Assoc. Dimcho Momchilov participate Assistant Professor Martin Guzelev and students from the University “Prof. Dr. Assen Zlatarov".
On the occasion of the 116th anniversary of the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising (1903)
According to the gospel, the Jewish people did not see the Messiah in Christ; they hoped that he would free them from the slavery and sit on the throne of David. They did not understand that the prophecies spoke of the heavenly, not the earthly kingdom, the eternal goods, not the earthly glory. Jesus Christ often talked with his disciples that he would have suffering, but after that he would rise again and bring salvation for souls. To strengthen their faith, he appeared to three of the apostles - Peter, James and John in heavenly glory. He climbed the Tabor Mount with them near Galilee, where he changed, his face changed and glowed like the sun, and his clothes turned white as snow. Two more men shining in glory - Moses and Elijah accompanied the vision. A bright cloud overshadowed them all, and a voice was heard from the cloud, saying, "This is my beloved Son, in whom it is my pleasure, hear him!" (Matthew 17: 5) The disciples heard the voice of God Himself, and the two prophets Moses and Elijah testified by their manifestation that Jesus was really the One whom the prophets foretold.
It was at Transfiguration (6 August) that 116 years ago the Bulgarians of Edirne Thrace took the path of their suffering, joining with arms to their already rebellious brethren from Macedonia in order to become free. The Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising lasted for three months, from July 20 to the beginning of October 1903, more than 260 battles took place, in which the Ottoman army suffered heavy casualties and the fate of thousands of Bulgarians changed forever. The categorical result - the brutal plan of the High Gate for the ethnic cleansing of Bulgarians in Macedonia and Thrace is thwarted! "The revolution wants sacrifices," Hristo Matov said at the time. "We knew it, with the uprising we took the first step and we will do more until we are free!"
At that historical moment, the Ottoman Empire intended to solve the Macedonian question by diluting the population of the two populations in the two regions so as to make meaningless any claim to Bulgaria. In other words, he plans to repeat the brutal feud with the Armenians. This idea was solved by the leaders of the IMORO and the Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising, though tragically, frustrates him. It was not unsuccessful, because after that the Murtzschag reform program was created and Bulgaria signed a treaty with the Ottoman Empire in 1904, under which amnesty was granted to all participants in the uprising and to the refugees to return. If the Ottoman Empire was feeling, then would the winner sign such a treaty? The uprising ended with a victory, and because it inspired such respect in the Ottoman army from the detachments of the internal organization that it subsequently avoided direct clashes with them for a long time, and ten years later in the Balkan War, even in the first battles, it panicked in Odrin Thrace. . And one more important thing - all this impulse and energy for liberation displayed by the rebels are entirely Bulgarian.
<i> Ivanka Deleva, Chief Editor of the History Department. Excerpts from an interview of Prof. Svetlozar Eldarov, Institute of Balkan Studies with the Center for Thracology at BAS, Fokus Radio, July 20, 2019 were used.
The excavations at Fortress Rusokastro revealed three silver Venetian coins in very good condition. These are coins known as "matapan". Two of them were minted during the management of the Venetian doges, Raniero Zeno (1252 - 1268) and Giovanni Soranto (1312 - 1328). The third coin is lined, which makes it difficult to determine its exact dating.
On one side of the coins is depicted Jesus Christ sitting on a throne and on the other - St. Mark, the patron saint of Venice, together a Venetian Doge holding a long-handled flag.
The coins were discovered during the study of a monumental building with yet unclear function, which was located during the current archeological season in Rusokastro. Currently, the valuable coins are being cleaned in a restoration workshop.
The excavations of the medieval town of Rusokastro are managed by Regional historical museum Burgas, and are financed for a consecutive year by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
Researchers at the Rusokastro fortress have discovered a rare find at the very beginning of the archaeological season this summer. During the excavation of the monumental building with stone pillars in the castle, a small statuette was found depicting horse moving forwards. The right foot is raised, folded in the knee, and the head is curved to the right. Brace, head and body of the horse are extremely exquisitely shaped. The back legs and part of the tail are broken.
The statuette is cast and exquisitely well crafted. It has a length of 5 and a height of 4.8 cm. Similar finds date back to the 2nd-3rd century AD - the period of the Roman epoch. It represents a gift left in shrines and temples. The find of Rusokastro shows that there is a sanctuary from the Roman times in the immediate vicinity of the fortress, which is yet to be sought.
The excavations of the Rusokastro fortress are conducted by a team of the Regional historical museum Burgas and have been funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
Educational Tutorials "Traditional calendar for maidens and bachelors" will help the children from the first to the fourth grade get acquainted with some of the most beloved Bulgarian customs in the form of role games, developed in partnership with the Regional Museum of History - Burgas and School "Bishop Konstantin Preslavsky "- Burgas under project funded by the Ministry of Culture.
As a result of the collaboration between ethnographers and educators, two printed editions were created with an electronic version for the teacher and for the student, in which information about three folk customs - Kukerovden, Lazarus and Christmas was presented. The aim is to support the activities of the pedagogues in the initial stage of education when introducing the children to the Bulgarian holiday calendar.
In connection with the festival "Summer Boulevart" and open stage on the main street "Bogoridi", the Archaeological museum will be opened with a change of working hours - from 12:00 to 21:00 h. on 4, 5 and 6 July 2019.
The opening hours of the other three museums remain unchanged from 10:00 to 19:00 h.
On June 25 (Tuesday)there will no charge for 10 emblematic tourist sites in Burgas Municipality. Aviomuseum Burgas, "Petya Dubarova" House Museum, St. Anastasia Museum, the four expositions of the Regional Historical Museum of Burgas - Historical, Ethnographic, Archaeological and Natural History, Aquae Calide Tourist Complex, Cultural Center Sea Casino and Burgas Art Gallery" Petko Zadgorski". Anyone wishing to visit the attractions can find more information about the working hours and the exact addresses on the site of GotoBurgas.