In the Natural History Exposition of the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas is exhibited the new thematic exhibition dedicated to the biological diversity of the Maritsa River "River of Biodiversity". It aims to show what the connection of people with the river is, what are the problems we are facing at the moment and why it is worth working to protect the health of the river ecosystem.
An otter, a small cormorant, a bee-eater and a kingfisher are some of the 11 realistic models that visitors will be able to see until the end of the summer. In addition to the spectacular models of animals, you will be able to see a short video to the exhibition and learn interesting facts related to the history, geography and ecology of the river. Every nature lover will have the opportunity to get involved with proposals for solving some of the environmental problems of the Maritsa River.
The deterioration of the environment and the pollution of rivers is a global problem that is gaining momentum. Bulgaria has a huge wealth in the form of clean water sources, but in recent decades our rivers have come under great pressure. This has a negative impact on the state of biodiversity.
The Maritsa River is an extremely important bio-corridor that connects the southern part of Bulgaria with the Mediterranean. It is home to a huge number of valuable species of fish, birds, amphibians and reptiles, mammals and plants. It is up to us to continue to enjoy a healthy and clean river that provides invaluable benefits to people not only as resources but also as a place for recreation and sports.
The project is implemented as part of the program "Heritage" of Plovdiv - European Capital of Culture 2019 and the assistance of the Municipality of Plovdiv. The exhibition is possible thanks to RIM - Burgas, the assistance of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection in the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences at Paisii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv, RAM - Plovdiv, RIM - Plovdiv, East Aegean Region Database, Bulgarian National Museum and the Balkanka Association and Nikolai Gavazov.
The art of icon painting is a complete system of thinking, secret knowledge, accessible to a small society, whose experience is passed on only in the family. Although the process of writing icons is basically traditional, manuals are also used, "erminia" that serve as a guide, it is not unimportant for the painter to have high theological literacy, to be a believer, sensory, because an icon is created by man, but is spiritualized by God, and the measure of time is prayer - the time technologically necessary for a process is as much as the reading of the corresponding prayer!
The system of preparation for "image painting" is complex - the key details of the materials used, the specifics of which mix different paints so as not to crack or fade, the resistance of pigments and oils and their properties when combined and so on and so forth. ... nowadays this knowledge is unknown to many. That is why today - both the painting and the restoration of an icon cannot be done completely authentically, many of the rules of this special art are inapplicable, which calls for explainable respect and humility ...
On the occasion of the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary - August 15, the Burgas Regional Museum is proud to present to visitors-connoisseurs, two of its beautiful icons - another restored from the museum collection - the Virgin and Child and St. Panteleimon. The cultural values have been restored thanks to a successful donation campaign, supporting the museum's activities for the preservation of cultural heritage.
The icon of the Holy Mother of God with the baby is one of the late creations of the Tryavna priest Dimitar Kanchov and his eldest son - Hristo, painted in 1874. The Holy Mother and the Infant are depicted as queen and king, in lavish robes and radiant halos. The Virgin Mary is revered as the patroness of children and mothers, in her person Christians have their intercessor before the Divine and her son. In the temple, the icon is always placed first, to the left of the royal doors, on the royal row of the iconostasis.
The icon of St. Panteleimon, whose name translates as "Merciful", depicts a young man with large, gracefully painted eyes and smooth hair. In his right hand he holds a cross and a plant, and in his left - a box of medicines - attributes of his occupation as a healer. The icon is written in the so-called an academic style typical of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when Western European and Russian artistic influences entered icon painting. St. Panteleimon is one of the healing saints to whom many people place their hopes for healing.
Desislava Tomova and Lyuben Kolev, the specialists-restorers with whom RIM-Burgas works, are responsible for the skillful restoration of the two icons. The relics are subjected to a series of specific effects - the surface layers of dust and dirt are removed, as well as the scabs varnish coating; the ground is strengthened; the subcutaneous tissue is removed; the wooden base is dewormed and stabilized; an imitative retouch was made to restore the integrity of the image and as a final result - the original aesthetic impact of the works was restored.
The team of the Regional Historical Museum-Burgas expresses its gratitude to the two restorers, to the donors who wished anonymity, but genuinely sympathetic to the cause, to the people from "Social Center - Burgas" and to all friends of the museum who support our efforts to be worthy of the deeds of their ancestors.
Ivanka Deleva, chief curator of the Historical Exposition at RIM - Burgas
A project of the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas for archaeological excavations and field conservation was approved for financial support in 2020. It is to continue the study of the castle of the medieval town of Rusokastro. The financing amounts to BGN 23,780 and is granted by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria. In the group where the project is applying - at the most important archeological sites in Bulgaria, only 36 projects from all over the country have been approved.
To a large extent the positive ranking is a consequence of the fact that the project is co-financed for another year by the Municipality of Kameno. In 2020, it will allocate BGN 35,000 for the continuation of the archeological excavations.
In parallel with the archeological work, the design of conservation, socialization and exposure of the studied fortress walls, towers, buildings and other facilities in the castle is carried out.
The archeological excavations of the Thracian sanctuary in the Burgas complex "Izgrev", which were conducted by the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas, have ended. 60 ritual pits have been explored on the site. Numerous animal bones were found in them, which will be subjected to zooarchaeological analysis, and human bones, which will be subjected to anthropological and DNA analysis.
Among the artifacts found at the archeological site are ceramic vessels, fragmented pottery, fragments of amphorae and bronze fibulae, a knife blade and an urn, which is in the process of restoration. A thorough study of the finds is still pending, said the scientific director of the archeological site, assistant Miroslav Klasnakov.
Thracian pit sanctuary is from VI-IV century BC. Rescue archeological excavations at the site started on May 26, 2020 in the area of a construction site for the construction of a future residential building.
On Thursday, July 23, at 6 pm, in the yard of the Ethnographic Exposition of the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas, 69 Slavyanska Street, a presentation of the book "The History of the village of Rosen, Burgas region" by Mila Chukleva will take place. The book is an in-depth ethnographic study conducted in 1962 and contains a variety of information about the population, history, geography, nature, livelihood and way of life of the settlement. The book contains forgotten songs, descriptions of authentic rites and customs, ancient beliefs and superstitions. There are also tips from folk medicine, recipes for dishes and many more interesting highlights related to the life of the locals in ancient times.
The work of the researchers in the archeological complex Aquae calidae in Burgas continues, announced the head-of-research of the site, Assoc. Prof. Dimcho Momchilov. During the current archeological season, excavations are being carried out in the northeastern sector of the complex.
"The idea is, if possible, to complete the northeastern apoditerium / vestibule / of the ancient, early Byzantine and medieval bath this year. Then to start designing, partial conservation and restoration. At the same time, the exploration and clearing of the embankments continues. The tendency is in the future, after freeing up space, footbridges, the approach of tourists, to develop in the direction of the northeastern part of the bath. tourists ", said Assoc. Prof. Momchilov.
"We take this opportunity to thank the Municipality of Burgas and the Regional Historицал Museum - Burgas. Funding for the excavations is provided by the Municipality of Burgas through RHM - Burgas," said the archaeologist.
Among the interesting new finds from the current archeological season is a monumental step that carries a roof structure. In general, the already known information about the existence of early strata here is repeated.
"We have found construction from the Roman period thus the Roman pottery. Since the beginning of the excavations this summer we have found over 40 coins, most of which are from the 4th century AD, as well as very mass material from the same century. Archaeological information about the last basin from the time of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom. We found a base on which the pool was developed. However, our goal is to study the earliest layers to go down to the original construction of the bath. It will now be reconstructed, conserved and restored. " informs the scientific supervisor of the site.
"Our desire is to explore the shaft we found east of the building. It is from an early period and is very interesting. There are partially preserved water pipes and we will try to open it this year. It had a variety of materials, but only after when I open it, I can say how long it has been for sure. In any case, for me this shaft is connected with the early Roman bath, and the construction of the whole early Byzantine bath was in accordance with this shaft ", explained Assoc. Prof. Momchilov.
Excavations at the Aquae calidae archeological complex are scheduled to continue until the end of July.
Historical sources indicate that Aquae calidae - Thermopolis originated around the warm Burgas mineral springs in Thracian times, in the first millennium BC. Then the Thracians turned the hot spring into a revered sanctuary of the Three Nymphs. The spa complex has an area of six acres. In the north-south direction its length is 86 meters. Due to the healing mineral springs Aquae calidae - Thermopolis has existed without interruption for centuries. Due to the constant interest in the healing water, a whole city has sprung up around the bath. In the late Middle Ages, Aquae calidae became known as Therma or Thermopolis (from the Greek - warm city). In the 6th century the ancient settlement already has expanded baths and built fortress walls. In the 16th century, Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent appreciated the healing properties of the water and built a modern Turkish bath here.
The exhibition "Nestinarstvo - Bulgarian magic with glowing embers" is among the most attractive and desirable exhibitions of the Regional Historical Museum of Burgas. The exhibition has visited various points and regions in the country - BAS Sofia, HM-Kavarna, RHM-Haskovo, EMO "Etar", RHM-Shumen, REM-Plovdiv, etc., also travelled to Poland. Today the exhibition can be seen in the hall of the Ethnographic Exposition (69 Slavyanska Street) every day from 10:00 to 19:00 until the end of August 2020.
The author of the exposition is Tsonya Drazheva (1954-2013), who was also the director of the museum in Burgas for many years.
Everyone interested of the ancient custom will have the opportunity to see and get acquainted with exhibits and photos related to the magical dance, performed on the night of the 3rd against the 4th of June in the village of Bulgari, municipality Tsarevo. Among the most famous performers of the ritual remains Baba Zlata, who entered the embers during her whole life.
Regional Historical Museum - Burgas will participate in the thematic weekend organized by the Municipality of Burgas, dedicated to Strandzha. Highlights of the exhibitions will be shown under the motto: "Nature, traditions, customs and cultural heritage of Strandzha."
The Archaeological Exposition at 21 Bogoridi Blvd. shows unique artifacts, some of which researchers have found in sites studied on the territory of Strandzha. Next to the museum building is exhibited a dolmen from the village of Belevren - a model representing the megalithic culture of the Thracian tribes in the II - I millennium BC. Also on display are elements of ancient metallurgy, finds from the Coastal Strandzha, coins, various interesting objects found in the Roman colony Deultum, which is located at the foot of the mountain. One of the most interesting exhibits related to Strandzha and exhibited in the Archaeological Museum are the tombstones of the Bimbalovi family from the village of Fakia. Stefan Karadja is considered a descendant of this famous family.
In the Ethnographic Exposition at 69 Slavyanska Street you can see an exhibition of RIM - Burgas, dedicated to firefighting and watch a film dedicated to the games in the fire. The production was shot in 1965 and is at the Boyana Film Studio. It presents authentic footage from the traditional rituals held in the fire-fighting village of Bulgari. The exposition presents Strandzha costumes, mummer's costume, jewelry and household items.
The natural science exposition at 30 Fotinov Street shows the nature in Strandzha. In it you can see many of the most interesting representatives of the fauna - mammals, birds, insects and coastal inhabitants of the sea depths. Visitors will also learn interesting details about their lives. Photographs and herbariums show the plants, most of which are difficult to find and identify in nature by a layman. The collection of minerals gives a detailed idea of the riches of the beautiful Bulgarian mountains.
The working hours of the Archaeological, Ethnographic and Natural Science Exposition are from 10.00 to 19.00. The prices of the entrance tickets are: for adults - 5 BGN, pupils, students and pensioners - 2 BGN, children up to 7 years - free visit.
A collection of seven new bronze figures of a Thracian horseman is exhibited in the hall of the Archaeological Museum in Burgas. The finds are from the II - III century. The figures are thematically related and are parts of compositions composed of three elements - the rider and the horse stepped on a foundation. The foundation, on the one hand, enhances the significance of the presented scene, but on the other hand, it functionally keeps the figures upright. Once upon a time, the old masters soldered the elements of the figurines together with the help of tin with impurities. Time has a destructive effect on the tin and the compositions have separated. That is why the parts usually reach us individually and very rarely a complete composition can be found. For the purpose of exposition and for visual presentation of the three parts, in one of the figures they are collected from different compositions.
One of the objects was discovered during the archeological excavations of the Rusokastro fortress in 2019. Five of the figures have been donated to the museum after a donation from Hachik Papazyan. One of the valuable objects, the one with the most precise workmanship, was discovered in Pomorie in 1970.
The artifacts were restored by Silvia Borisova - a restorer in RIM-Burgas. They will be part of the permanent exposition of the Archaeological Museum.