In January the Eastern Christianity honours three saints, who are symbols of divine knowledge and worldly wisdom - St.Basil the Great and St. John Chrysostom and St. Gregory the Theologian. While each of them has a separate holy-day, in 1084 it was decided that the three saints shall be honoured in a common feast day in order to show their great importance to the theological science. Nowadays, by decision of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, the day of the Three Holy Hierarchs has been celebrated since the 30s of the twentieth century as patronal day of religious schools, institutes and theological faculties, and these great hierarchs as celestial and spiritual patrons of all Orthodox spiritual schools.
When referring to Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian and John Chrysostom, the words used to describe them are divine, perfect, inimitable convincing in their speech, skilled interpreters of scriptures with unsurpassed elegance of expression. These holy men surpass all words and deeds, in no way inferior to the angels, most humane, understanding the weakness of human nature. When we look at the written heritage of these Three Wise Men, we will be convinced of the truth of these claims.
Their infinite wisdom is timeless, not only in the knowledge of God, but for the life of searches. Because, frankly, people have not changed much and always need guidance. Yes, yes, still "there is nothing new under the sun"!
Children contest "[url=http://www.burgasmuseums.bg/index.php?tab=ethno&lang=en&page=encyc&enc=rituals&pgno=3&eid=54]Martenitsa in the traditional Bulgarian culture[/url]" 2014 is organized by Municipality Burgas, Regional Historical Museum - Burgas and Municipal Children Complex
This years competition is held for the fifteenth consecutive time.
PURPOSE OF THE CONTEST: To preserve and promote Bulgarian folk customs in
Burgas municipality and to stimulate the interest of students to the rich cultural heritage and folk traditions.
1. Children from kindergartens and students from first to twelfth grade, who are familiar with Bulgarian folklore, traditions and crafts.
2. The works must be collective.
3. Each group, class or school is allowed to compete only with 1 collective work.
4. Each work contains the following information:
• Name of the club or school
• Age of the participants
• Name of the team leader and telephone number
5. All works / [url=http://www.burgasmuseums.bg/index.php?tab=ethno&lang=en&page=encyc&enc=rituals&pgno=3&eid=54]martenitsas [/url]should be arranged in a form convenient to carry and display on a tripod.
Deadline for the submission of finished martenitsas: 20/02/2014 till 14.00 in the building of the Municipal Children's Complex (Burgas 8000, ul.Raina Knyaginya 11).
The announcement of the winners and the opening of the exhibition will be on 28.02.2014 at 11:00 in Cultural Center "Casino" - Hall "Georgi Baev".
For more information:
• +359 56 844 549 - Municipal Children Complex Burgas
• +359 56 842 587 - Ethnographic Museum - Burgas
„Virtue is not created outside of us. The Kingdom of God is within us, so virtue needs our will” St. Anthony
On January 17 the Orthodox Church celebrates the day of Saint Anthony the Great, popular in the Bulgarian folk tradition as Antonovden.
St. Anthony is one of the first ascetics, ie loners (monks) who chose life separated from the material world and stay in deserts or remote mountains to attain spiritual upliftment. St. Anthony was born around 251 AD in Middle Egypt in a wealthy family. He decided to become an ascetic at very young age and to seek a different path to enlightenment of the mind. After giving away everything that he possessed and he settled in a tomb carved in the rocks. Trying to dramatically change his lifestyle, Anthony was forced to lead a tough fight with the demons of temptation. Convinced that fortitude strengthens when weaken body pleasures, the ascetic spent his entire youth in retreat. Finally, achieving peace of mind, Anthony became the father of many monks who founded monasteries or inhabited separate cells in the rocks, guided them, presented them with moral lectures.
The Ethnographic exhibition in Burgas will be host of a presentation of the custom Bango Vasil, honoring the christian saint Basil the Great (Vasil or Basil). Bango Vasil is celebrated by the Roma community in Bulgaria on 14 January.
On this day (New Style January 2) the Bulgarian traditions honours the memory of St. Basil the Great - one of the fathers of the Christian Orthodox Church.
The presentation is part of a initiative by the Volunteer Club "Youth is tolerance", which traditionally celebrates the Roma New Year on January 14. Co-organizers are the Municipality of Burgas, School Hristo Botev and Regional Burgas Museum.
The celebration of Bango Vasil on 14.01.2014 will begin at 10:30 in the Ethnographic exposition in Burgas, and the pupils led by Iveta Velitchkova and Angel Ivanov will present a brief interpretation of the traditional dinner and a rich program with songs and dances.
[img left]http://www.burgasmuseums.bg/uploads/images/notables/d.brakalov.jpg[/img]In the history of Burgas one of the names that must appear with gold letters is the name of Dimitar Brakalov. He was a genuine figure in the Bulgarian Revival, an active participator in the struggle for Bulgarian independence and builder of prosperity for the city of Burgas.
Today Brakalov’s house has been declared a cultural monument and is home to the Ethnographical exposition of Burgas and the Prize "Dimitar Brakalov" is awarded annually for contributions to the development of Burgas and citizenship.
Already from the 3nd century AD there are evidences for the celebration of Epiphany. Up to the 4th century Epiphany was celebrated together with Christmas. The interpretation was that on the day of his baptism in the Jordan waters, Jesus Christ first appeared to the world of public service, as by his birth he appeared to the world in flesh and bones. Later, the church agreed to celebrate the two holidays separately.
A team from the Natural History Museum of Burgas responded to a signal over found fossilized animal bones near the village of Aheloy, Municipality Pomorie.
The signal was sent to us by the Russian journalist Nikolai Zamyatin, who found them at the beach near Aheloy. After similar signal, at the beginning of 2013, the museum received two valuable fossils, found during construction works in Gorno Ezerovo.
The findings in Aheloi really resembled fossilized bones of ancient mammals. In the museum collection there are already such samples and the inspection of Aheloy Beach confirmed our assumptions that these are geological formations already known to our specialist.
The geological strata of this site formed 10-12 million years ago during the Pliocene and is characteristic for river-lake littoral deposits. When the layers begin to compact, the carbonate substance found in them dissolves, infiltrates and deposits in the gaps as carbonate gels. The observed geological formation in Aheloy are result of such phenomena.
We would like to thank Mr. Zamyatin for being responsible!
We call on all citizens who find similar formations or archaeological findings to notify Regional Burgas Museum over the telephone numbers/ emails, provided on our [url=http://www.burgasmuseums.bg/index.php?tab=home&page=contact&lang=en]Contact page[/url]!
Christmas is coming! At this time of the year more than ever we feel our souls full of warmth, love and kindness. People are different at Christmas - they are positively charged, their thoughts are festive, people are more tolerant and peaceful.
In our lives every day we come across pain, temptation, the search for a better way. The people we encounter are often unreasonable, self-centered and illogical. This makes us lose our faith, to succumb to weakness. But you must not! In our search for better life we can not do without faith, even when we think we're lost in the world. "If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, 'Move from here to there,' and it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you." is said in the Gospel of St. Matthew ...
In the week before Christmas the Orthodox Church, while eagerly waiting for the Young Lord to be born, honors the holidays of five remarkable Christian martyrs.
December 20 - St.Ignatius of Antioch
December 22 - St. Anastasia the Pharmakolytria (Anastasia of Sirmium)
December 24 - St. Eugenia of Rome
December 25 - Christmas
December 27 - Holy Protomartyr and Archdeacon Stephen