St. Barbara is a Christian saint and martyr honoured among both Orthodox and Catholics. In the popular believes of the Bulgarians St.Sava and St. Barbara are sisters or servants of St. Nicholas. Thus they prepared his feast, as we learn also from the saying "Barbara kneads (boils), Sava bakes, Nicolas eats (treats the guests)".
St. Barbara protects children from diseases, women turn on her to appease smallpox, she is also known as patron of fertility and poultry. The St.Barbara's holiday is popular mostly among women; the rituals involve mostly girls and women. They wake up before sunrise and go to the well to pump clean "Barbara's" water. With it they knead bread, smear it with honey and give it away to bring health to their children. In Strandzha the bread is knead without leaven and then pierced on top with a fork. They call it "pryasnichena pita". Behind the door the women hung small buns named Baba Sharka (Granny Smallpox). Mothers give their children a few beans, which they rub on their faces while saying "Kakto e byal fasulut, tui da e byala i sharkata"(en: As the beans are white so be the smallpox!)
A candle specially designed for St.Barbara is lightened on top of the ritual bread. This candle is very long, has magical powers and is kept throughout the year. It is lightened only if necessary, in danger of storms and disease, with the belief that it can calm down the elements and stop all evil.
In the morning everyone should eat boiled wheat or corn for a good harvest. If the first guest in the house is a woman, female chicks will hatch.
In different parts of Bulgaria the Day of Saint Barbara is celebrated differently. In some parts of the country kids go around the houses, and in others girls called Barbara's maidens. They call for the health and prosperity. Farmers receive them in their houses with joy and give them apples, dried fruits, flour. This is why 4th of December is known as Women's Christmas. In Thrace, this is the first Christmas night, and as in other areas the first Christmas Eve is Ignazhden (St.Ignatius Day). The ritual restricts on this day are also contradictory. Women should not take on any homework, nothing should be put on the fire, but the most important ritual action is the preparation of bread? And the maidens who want to marry, it was on St. Barbara when they could show how working and agile they are. The one, who first bakes bread and then distributed it to relatives and neighbours, will be the first to get married.
In the Strandzhan village Izvor, the locals identify the saint with the disease smallpox. In the village of Rosen there is another idea - St. Barbara holds a bowl with honey and dab the children to heal faster.
In the various towns and regions, the ritual bread recipes are different, but when spreading the top with honey, all mothers are praying for the same - "St.Barbara help us and protect our children from disease!
On the pictures the women from Community Center "Prosveta" in the village of Lyulyakovo present the ritual activities on St.Barbara's day at the Ethnographic complex in Burgas.
Rosica Topalova, curator in Department Ethnography of Regional Museum Burgas
How to make Kupana banitsa
Ingredients: 3 eggs, 1 kg flour, 1 teaspoon salt, 1 tablespoon sugar, 3 tablespoons vegetable oil or melted butter, ½ liter of milk, yeast the size of a matchbox. Preparation: Mix the crushed yeast with little bit of the milk, sugar and some flour. Allow the yeast to rise. Pour flour into a tray and in the middle set up a "well", where will be put the fuzzy yeast, beaten eggs, salt and fat. Knead the dough as adding milk until it is perfectly smooth. Put the dough in a muslin cloth and drop it in a large pot with lukewarm water, thus the name "kupana banitsa" (bathed banitsa). When the dough is ready, it will float on the water surface more than half size up. Remove it from the cloth and knead it again with flour. Only then it can be shaped and put in an oiled baking form. Over the top spread egg yolk beaten with a little water. Now put it in cold oven. It is important that this bread should not be baked in a preheated oven. Bake at 150°C. To add the end touch, smear the bread with honey.
Christmas is coming. This is the time when we feel our souls to be thirsty for love and kindness more than ever. We recognize the need and value the comfort and warmth that give us our home and loved ones. In the spirit of those magical days before Christmas the Orthodox Church celebrates the Day of the Christian family.
The biblical narrative takes us further into the depths of history in the family of St. Anne and St. Joachim, the righteous parents of St. Mary. Even before her birth they gave a promise to God that when Mary turned 3 years they will devote her in to spiritual practice. When this day arrived, with flowers and songs, St. Anne and St. Joachim took Mary solemnly to the Jerusalem temple. The child alone ran up the temple' stairs, where she met the priest Zechariah. St. Anne and St. Joachim rejoiced. The family was blessed to dedicate their little daughter in the service of God.
The orthodox icon put out on this holiday presents the 3 - year-old St. Mary, mounting the steps and entering the temple. This representation of the biblical event aims to inspire the Christians to lead their children in the temple of God, to teach them to pray and strive for better.
The icons' content is a true spiritual guide of the Christian living. They reveal the sacredness of the world and strive for life in harmony. The icon itself is a prayer, and prayer is a conversation with God. By praying we transcend of the earthly doings and become spiritual in our celebration and solemn. So on the day of the Christian family, let us enter the temple and pray in front of the holy icon "Presentation of the Virgin Mary" for the health of our close people and for more good thoughts and deeds. "The kingdom of God is within us" is said in the Scriptures, i.e Virtue is not created outside of us, it just waits for our willingness.
Ivanka Deleva, Curator Department "History", Regional History Museum Burgas
On October 31, 2012 from 13:30 hours in the Natural-History Museum of Burgas (Burgas, 30 K.Fotinov St.) we will mark the International Black Sea Day. Fifth grade children from "St. Knyaz Boris I" School led by Mrs. Metalkova will take part in celebration titled "Inspired by the sea". As children from a city strongly connected with the sea, they will reflect their inspiration in poetry and color. We will write "telegrams to the sea", will draw fishes and sea creatures under the guidance of the art teachers Rosa Boyanova and Vily Koleva.
Special guests and participants with small poems will be the children from Literary Studio "Mythical birds". Further festivity on the subject will be brought by a guest exhibition of the Gallery for kids art De'Art. The exhibition includes paintings of the sea drawn by children from Burgas schools and it will stay on display in the Natural-History Museum until Nov. 15, 2012.
Natural History Department by Regional Historical Museum - Burgas
The club activities include lectures on various biological and ecological topics, film screenings for plants, animals, rocks and minerals, and trips to the nature for study and conservation.
At the end of 2007 an eco-club has been created by the Natural History Department of Regional Historical Museum Burgas in order to attract everyone interested in the Bulgarian nature and its preservation. We called it after the name of our Burgas lake - "Vaya".
Club meetings: every Thursday from 10:00 am and 14:00 pm in the hall of Natural History Museum in Burgas (St. K. Fotinov 30).
There are no age restrictions. The only condition is to love animals and nature, and desire to learn something new.
Natural History Department of RIM Burgas:
Tel. +359 56 843 239 or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
For the third consecutive year, the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas is a partner of the Medical University Plovdiv and participate in the European Researchers' Night. Other partner involved in the Night of the researchers in Burgas is Burgas Free University Burgas.
The focus of the initiative is in line with the European Year for Active Aging and Solidarity between Generations.
On 09/28/2012 16:30, BFU entrance
On 09/28/2012 16:45, BFU entrance
DEMONSTRATION WITH SWORDS
Fencing as a sport for all ages - from 5 to 75. Academy "Vasil Etropolski" will demonstrate the benefits of this active "academic" and "heart" sport for active aging.
On 09/28/2012 17:00, BFU entrance
"INITIATIVE OF AGE"
Presentation of businesses related to the health system and active aging, started by elder people.
On 09/28/2012 17:15, BFU entrance
FORGOTTEN BULGARIAN TRADITION
Presentation of traditions and customs in Burgas Region.
Regional Historical Museum - Burgas with Community center "Prosveta", Lyulyakovo will demonstrate the pre-wedding ritual "Medenik" - preparing a cake, which puts the real beginning of the traditional Bulgarian wedding. Three generations from the village of Lyulyakovo will perform together, manifesting the transmission of traditions and the blending of two families.
On 09/28/2012 18:00, BFU Library
Creative conversation about attitudes to aging in different cultures and eras.
Premier of the documentary "International Study of soaring birds - Burgas 2011" one of the great phenomena of nature - bird migration. The film tells the story of 30-year tradition of transmission among ornithologists whose children are now grown new birds researchers.
Regional Historical Museum - Burgas
Three days film marathon of the Bulgarian environmental cinema.
Screening of films related to the biodiversity of the Southern Black Sea coast and Strandzha Mountain. Introduction of several new films about the Bulgarian nature.
Time: 10:00 - 17:00
Location: Natural-History Museum (Burgas, 30 K. Fotinov str.)
September 27 - Endangered species 11:00 - On the trail of the vultures Part 1 - 35 min
Film series dedicated to the conservation of vultures in Bulgaria. 12:00 - On the trail of the vultures part 3 - 30 min 13:00 - International Study on the soaring birds - 21 min 14:00 - Case "Planinski keklik" - 27 min
15:00 - The living swamp
September 28 - BULGARIAN MOUNTAINS AND FORESTS 11:00 - Eastern Rhodopes - 30 min
A film about the magic of the Rhodope Mountains 12:00 - Bulgarian Forest - present, but a future? - 35 min
A sad story about the problems facing the Bulgarian forest. Discussed are 7 different cases of violations: unlawful return of forest land, fires, illegal logging and more. 13:00 - Seasonal migration of herds - 40 min 14:00 - In the eyes of bats - 30 min 15:00 - About the bears and people - 28 min
A film about the study and conservation of the bear population in Bulgaria.
Regional History Museum Burgas would like to thank Alpine Club "Edelweiss", "Union of Hunters and Fishermen in Bulgaria", Federation of nature conservation NGOs Green Balkans, Wildlife Society "Balkans", Fund for Wild Flora and Fauna and the team of International study of soaring birds "Burgas 2011" for providing environmental films.
On September 17, 2012 (Monday), in the days of European cultural heritage, all four museums in Burgas will be open free of admission from 10:00 to 17:00 .
[quote]Every year more than 20 million people enjoy access to thousands of rarely opened sites and unique events as part of [url=http://ec.europa.eu/culture/our-programmes-and-actions/heritage-days/european-heritage-days_en.htm]European Heritage Days[/url], which take place every September in 50 countries across Europe. This locally-led initiative is supported by the European Commission and the Council of Europe.
Launched in 1985, the European Heritage Days have been organised since 1999 as a joint initiative of the European Union and the Council of Europe, in close cooperation with the group of national coordinators.
The 50 signatory states to the European Cultural Convention take part in the European Heritage Days by putting new cultural treasures on view and opening up historic buildings which are normally closed to the public.[/quote]