A special place in the annual circle of Bulgarian folk holidays is given to the customs related with the Easter Lent - Mesni and Sirni Zagovezni. Both holidays are always falling on Sunday, but the date depends on Easter. In 2012 Mesni Zagovezni (Meat Lent) is on 19.02. and Sirni Zagovezni a week later on 26.02. The week between these two Sundays is called Sirnitsa.
The traditional family dinner on this day contains only meat, hence the name of the holiday. After this celebration it is forbidden to eat meat until the end of the Easter fast period. The Saturday before Mesni Zagovezni is Meatfare Saturday. On this day we honor the souls of our deceased relatives, it is believed that on this day they come out and remain out until Pentecost (fifty days after Easter).
On the Sunday a week after is celebrated Sirni Zagovezni. During the day the young families visit their godfathers and parents and ask for forgiveness. The women visit the granny, who helped them deliver. Without forgiveness the custom can not be completed! In the evening a rich feast of dairy products is served, the most important one of them is the pie with cheese (banitsa). After or during the dinner takes part another ritual called “hamkane”. And then for the young maidens and bachelors comes the time to play one last mixed horo, dancing wildly and leaping around the bonfires (bg: sirnishki ognyove).
On 22.02.2012 specialists from the Ethnographic museum Burgas visited Primary School "Vasil Aprilov" in connection with a presentation part of the project "A journey into the world of toys" - Comenius Programme 2011-2013. In front of the participants (students from sixth grade) Krasimira Dubarova and Plamen Kirova demonstrated an old technique called "weaving on a tile" and then thought the children more about games and toys from the past.
The young participants with passion and skill took on the challenge and weaved their own small rugs.
And when they visit the Ethnographic museum next, they will be ready to master the big vertical loom.
[img left]http://www.burgasmuseums.bg/uploads/images/misc/Levski1.jpg[/img]On 19 February (February 6 old style) in 1873 the Bulgarian Apostle of Freedom was put to death. Today a memorial monument stands at the site of Vasil Levski’s hanging in Sofia, which keeps alive the memory of the glorious liberation cause.
Ethnographic Museum Burgas is preparing to welcome Baba Marta (Granny Marta). The heavy blankets and rugs have been beaten out on the sun, everything is clean and tidy, because as the tradition says for the 1st of March the Bulgarian woman thoroughly cleans her house, takes the rubbish away, burns the old broom in the yard and so invites home the new and better.
You can find handmade authentic martenitsas on our museum stand. Each martenitsa is different, but contains the binding elements: symbols for health, strength and long life; to prevent the evil eye and mischief forces; for fertility and prosperity.
The curators of the Natural-history exposition in Burgas have created a unique collection of bracelet martenitsas that can be seen and purchased in the museum on Burgas, 30 K. Fotinov st.
Besides the traditional threads in red and white for health and prosperity, the traditional “1st of March symbol” is combined with various minerals - rose quartz, rock crystal, the hair of Venus, turquoise, aquamarine, tiger eye, agate, amethyst, sun stone, mother of pearl, coral and many others.
The protection of evil forces is thus increased as many stones have particular qualities. For example carnelian can be worn by all; it has strong healing effect and strengthens health. Aventurine and pink quartz help in love. Rock crystal sharpens the mind and strengthens memory, tiger eye protects from the evil eyes.
The idea here is not to make a profit /items are available for the modest 0,50lv/, but to promote Natural-history exposition. We want more people from Burgas and its guests to enjoy the collections displayed in the Regional Museum Burgas. This is why our martenitsas go in a package with the museum logo.
Furthermore in the museum you can find a wonderful gift for Valentine's Day, 8 March or any other occasion to surprise your loved one. Here you can find small pendants and earrings from minerals as well as mineral samples in unprocessed form. Unique and unforgettable, they will deliver your personal message and help against different aches.
If you do not know which stone is appropriate for which star sign, museum specialists will help you and tell you more about the mineral you’ve choose.
[img left]http://www.burgasmuseums.bg/uploads/images/banners/baner_izlojba_vlajni_zoni_2012.jpg[/img]The photo exhibition "Threats to the wetlands - Pomorie Lake" will be open on 8th February at 10:30 in the Natural-History Museum (Burgas,30 K.Fotinov St.)
The exhibition is dedicated to the World Wetlands Day.
Organized by: Regional Museum Burgas and FPS "Green Balkans"