The archaeological excavations of the western fortress wall of the Rusokastro castle has been completed. Further 48 m from the monumental fortification facility, which is the largest of the medieval city's founding system so far, has been fully explored, so its total length reaches 68 m.
The western fortress wall of the medieval castle Rusokastro
The width of the wall ranges from 2.80 m at the entrance of the fortress to 4.2 m in the northernmost end, where it rests on the natural rocky peak. Such a width of a medieval fortress wall is known only at the Tsarevets and Trapezitsa royal citadels in the medieval Bulgarian capital of Turnovo. This fact is still under consideration by the Burgas archaeologists, who lead the studies of the Rusokastro fortress.
The fortress wall is traced over the rock wreath of the volcanic hill, and in some cases the rock pockets were filled with stones, mortar and soil. It is on this substrate that the base of the fortifications was laid in the steepest sections. The early Byzantine fortress wall from the 6th c. passed here. From the excavations it became clear that during the first half of the 13th century, under the reign of Tsar Ivan Assen II, this early wall was dismantled almost to the base, widened to 2.5 m and already as a whole wall the facility was raised in height. Archaeologists suggest that it was at least 12 m high considering thewidth of the base.
The newly discovered rectangular tower
On the outer face of the fortress wall the archaeologists discovered a dense tower with a rectangular plan (4.8 m wide and 5.4 m long).
A gold coin of the Emperor Andronik III Paleologus was discovered during the study of the fortress wall.
The studies of the Rusokastro fortress are conducted by the Regional historical museum Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture.
The work on the second stage of the restoration and conservation of Aquae calidae is coming to an end. This autumn, visitors will be able to explore the archaeological structures over special footbridges to perceive their true scale.
The director of Regional historical museum Burgas Milen Nikolov presented to the Mayor Dimitar Nikolov the progress of the socialization on the archaeological site. Decorative lighting is installed, the cold pool of the Roman baths is drained and restored, the southern buildings between the apodyterium and the bath of Suleiman Magnificent are conservated. A collection of selected findings will be digitized and presented on screens at the Museum in Aquae Calidae and the Archaeological Exposition of RHM Burgas. The activities under the second stage of the conservation and restoration are part of the project "Common Cultural Heritage without Borders - TOGETHER", funded under the Interreg - IPA Cross-border Cooperation Programme Bulgaria – Turkey 2014 – 2020.
Archaeological surveys this summer were concentrated in the northern part of the site. In the next phase of the socialization of Aquae Calidae, the eastern buildings will be preserved and a museum with a copy of a Roman bath will be built over them.
In 2018, 10 years have passed since the beginning of the archaeological excavations in the territory of the ancient and medieval town of Aquae Calidae, around which are the present day districts of Mineralni Bani, Banevo and Vetren. Already more than 2000 years ago the ancient Thracians used the place because of the healing properties of the water from the mineral spring at this place. In the 1st century AD, the Roman baths were built, which then continue to be used and upgraded by Byzantines, Bulgarians and Ottomans. On the occasion of the anniversary, the first book on the history of ancient baths will be published. It will be presented on September 14th in the days of Aquae Calidae.
A treasure of seven silver coins was discovered during the excavations in Rusokastro Fortress. The coins were found alongside each other as a collective mint find. At the moment, four of them are not separated because this should be done in a special restoration workshop. The coins have a nominal of groat, and are known by the name tornesel. They were minted in the Principality of Achaea, also known as the Despotate of the Morea. It was located in Peloponnese (today's Greece) and formed after the fourth crusade.
Coins are approximately 0.9 g heavy. The face is represented by an equal cross, and on the opposite side is a tower of a Catholic cathedral. The treasure was discovered during the study of a monumental representative building with dimensions 20 m in length and 8 m in width, in which three solid stone staircases were built, carrying vaults and a second floor.
The researches of Rusokastro Fortress have been organized by Regional historical museum in Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The golden coin of Andronicus II and Andronicus III Paleologus (14th century) was discovered during archaeological excavations of the Rusokastro Fortress, which began a week ago. It is preserved in half with an image on one side of the Virgin Mary with the walls and towers of Constantinople, and on the other - Jesus Christ, crowning the two Byzantine emperors.
This is the fourth gold coin discovered in the last years of the Rusokastro fortress and the third of the emperors Andronicus II and Andronicus III Paleologos. It was discovered during the study of the western fortress wall of Rusokastro. A battle tower from the 4th c. that was unknown until now, has been discovered underneath.
The excavations for consecutive year are led by the Regional historical museum of Burgas and are financed by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
On 23 July 1982, the International Whaling Commission imposed a total ban on the capture of the largest mammals on Earth for 1985 and 1986. Since then, this day has been celebrated as World Whale and Dolphin Day.
From this year at the Natural History Museum Burgas you can see all three species of dolphins found in the Black Sea - Black Common dolphin, Black Sea bottlenose dolphin and Black Sea Harbour porpoise.
Tips for helping cetaceans in danger
When assisting a distressing specimen, there is no difference in which of the three species the manipulations are performed, but the depth, status and weight of the specimen are taken into account.
The activities under this instruction apply to a copy:
1) unoccupied but located in dangerous proximity to the shore, which can sail alone
2) stuck in shoals or thrown into the shore, unable to sail without help.
<b> 1. Unaccompanied cetaceans, located in dangerous proximity to the shore </ b>
A distinction must be made between a desolate dolphin and one who is approaching himself. Physical contact should be avoided, even swimming to the beach, not eating or touching. The cetaceans have a strong social and altruistic attitude and help sick and injured individuals by keeping them and keeping them on the surface to breathe. Dolphins are wild animals, and if one tries to interact with such an individual, it can cause an aggressive reaction on the part of the flock. This is especially true when it comes to babies guarded by mothers. Females keep babies for several days, even after they are dead or dead.
Most often the cases under point 1 cover the so-called "Social dolphins" that swim in shallow waters in front of beaches. In almost all cases these are not disastrous specimens and they will sail themselves.
Therefore, rescue actions with respect to the described specimens should not be taken.
In order to move the dolphin away from the dangerous shallows, the noise and the motion of a motorboat can be approached, carefully approaching the shallow specimen to make it sail into the sea. In this case, the direction of approach should be from the shore to the sea. For the same purpose, acoustic repellents (pingers) may also be used. When doing so, there should be no other boats / jets / swimmers in order for the dolphin to be safely aimed at the high seas.
2. Cetaceans seated in shoals or thrown out on the shore
These are the cases in which you need to be helped. Prior to taking action, the Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water (RIEW) -Burgas must be notified (Phone: 056/813 205) or Varna.
All available data and circumstances should be communicated to the RIEW employee, who will give specific instructions to be fulfilled.
Recommended actions depending on the condition of the specimen are: </ b>
1. Reducing the stress of the dumped dolphin - the manipulation of the specimen should be carried out by one or two people, while the remainder should be kept at a distance (minimum 100 m). It is not desirable to approach children or dogs. Silence must be kept and no unnecessary movements are made. Stress reduction is important for the survival of the dolphin at its later release.
2. Approaching to a cetacean - always approaching from the tail fin or front to the muzzle without standing on the side of the head. Avoid touching the head and the muzzle with all handling. One can hurt the teeth of the specimen even if it is not bitten, as well as being scratched by the tail. This may then cause infection, so it is recommended to seek medical attention in such cases.
3. If the specimen is lying on one side (the cetaceans are often prone to one side where there is a risk of suffocation), you should carefully turn it over your stomach by keeping your chest flippers down. The breathing hole, which is a "hole" located on the top of the head, should not be blocked. It should not be sandy or underwater. At no point should the flippers or tail be pulled.
4. The skin of the cetaceans is extremely fine and should be constantly wetted because it wrinkles and forms wounds when dry. A good option is to cover with a completely wet cloth (eg a water-soaked towel), a blanket or seaweed to keep moisture and protect the skin from direct sunlight and wind. Water should not fall into the airway. Even the organization of moving and returning the specimen to the sea takes minutes, the actions described must be carried out.
5. If the dolphin is exposed to direct sunshine - a shade should be provided using a beach umbrella, awning, a tent, etc.
6. Cetaceans live entirely in the water. When stuck on the shore, their internal organs take up the entire weight of the body and begin to crush (this is more valid for heavier specimens and specimens). That is why urgent action is imperative. If it is necessary to keep the specimen for more than 10 minutes, especially if it is big, holes should be dug under the fins (flippers). This makes it possible for the dolphin to feel more comfortable because it does not live on land and the fins are not adapted to flat surfaces. A hole under the breast can be dug to fill with water. This will not only keep the underside of the body wet but reduces the pressure on the chest, lungs and flippers.
7. Moving - can be done with pre-wetted litter, canvas, towel or folded nylon to withstand the weight of the specimen. The dolphin is always on his stomach and never lying on his back. Several people are involved in the move depending on the size and weight of the specimen. He moves to the boat to be transported on the litter, canvas, or nylon. It is recommended to run as far as possible into the sea.
8. For the provision of a boat, assistance should be sought from the RIEW, from the beach rescuers, if available, from the local fishermen or the population. Given the need to act quickly to return the animal to the water, it is not necessary to wait for an employee of the RIEW. The first and closest boats are used, which can be found within 15 minutes of finding the specimen. For security reasons, the size and type of boat should be matched to the size of the mammal. Small cetaceans such as the mucilages can also be transported in shallower waters by handsome swimmers.
9. The dolphin should not be dragged or pushed into the sand because it will damage the skin. Under no circumstances should the tail of the specimen be pulled, as this could lead to damage to the spine and the brain.
10. Once released into the water it is advisable to keep the specimen on the surface so it does not sink so that the breathing hole remains above the water surface. If it is launched by a boat at a greater depth and distance from the shore (the most appropriate option), this activity should be done by experienced swimmers and in the presence of life jackets.
11. Monitoring. Once the specimen has been released, its behavior should be traced as well as that of other cetaceans available in the area. When the dolphin feels secure, he will sail himself into the sea.
12. It is not recommended to transfer the specimen and release it to another location on the coast, even short distances, as it is further traumatized and stressed, which may be fatal to its life.
13. Do not give dolphins water or food.
14. Diseases transmitted by man's dolphins (zoonoses). Such are, for example, brucellosis and measles. We recommend taking precautions - avoiding contact with the airway, exhalations and other physiological secretions from the dolphin body. For cetaceans, wear rubber gloves if possible. After handling, the hands and other exposed parts of the body should be washed thoroughly.
15. When the specimen is exhausted, dehydrated, injured, ill, after returning to the water, it may not survive and be thrown out of the currents or elsewhere. In these cases, it is advisable to stay on shore for autopsy and other specialized studies to determine the cause of death.
The most exquisite golden treasure of antiquity in Europe will be on display this summer at the Archaeological Museum in Burgas,21 Bogoridi Street.
A few days ago, the nine vessels of the astonishing Panagyurishte treasure arrived in Burgas, and are now exhibited in the Trezore Hall. The objects present a magnificent work of goldsmiths from the Early Hellenistic era, and it is supposed that they belonged to the legendary Odrisian ruler Seuthes III (about 330-300 BC).
The treasure was discovered on December 8, 1949, near the city of Panagyurishte, by the brothers Dekov. It includes a phial, an amphora-rhyton, four zoomorphic rhytons and three anthropomorphic jars. All of them are made of high-quality gold (over 22 carats) and weigh more than 6 kg. The treasure is part of an exposition of the National History Museum in Sofia.
The exhibited objects are a museum copy of the treasure which is part of an exposition of the National Museum of History in Sofia.
The gold objects will remain in Burgas until September 30, and the museum's working hours are every day from 10.00 to 19.00.
Regional historical museum of Burgas launched this year's regular archaeological research of Rusokastro Fortress. The funding of the excavations in 2018 are again provided from the budget of Municipality Kameno and co-financed by the Ministry of Culture.
This summer the archaeologists will continue their research on the citadel, the water reservoir and a representative two-storey building. Their aim is to reach a state suitable for conservation and restoration of the structures. Head of research at the archaeological site is the director of the Burgas Museum Milen Nikolov with a consultant prof. Konstantin Totev - a specialist in medieval archaeology from the Tarnovo branch of the National Archaeological Institute with a museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
The idea is to have the Rusokastro fortress become the object of cultural tourism of the ranks of Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Cherven, since in South Bulgaria there is no other medieval site with such features.
Regional historical museum of Burgas invites everyone who believes in the magic of the sun and the enchanting herbs to come to the yard of the Ethnographic Exposition (69 Slavyanska Street) on Enyovden (24 June, Sunday) at 11:00 and see the little Enyo's bride then go through the Enyo's wreath for health and happiness.
On Enyovden the stars descend to the ground and baths in the herbs, the sun also gives them healing power. Then the girls split a wreath of 101 herbs through which people venture for health and to prevent any evil.
Enyovden is a traditional custom celebrated on June 24, the day of the summer solstice, which coincides with the Christian holiday of St. John the Baptist. This is the longest day of the year, so it is also associated with the cult of the sun. On Enyovden old and young are rolling in dew, bathing in rivers and springs, believing that before the sun has been bathed there.
Regional historical Museum Burgas was awarded a Diploma for Contribution to the Conservation and Promotion of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. This happened at an official ceremony marking the tenth anniversary of the introduction of the National System for Living Human Treasures in Bulgaria and the European Year of Cultural Heritage in 2018 in the "Sredets" hall of the Ministry of Culture.
The Burgas museum has participated with applications in all five editions of the National System "Living Human Treasures - Bulgaria". Two of them - the custom Nestinarstvo (2008) and Knitting of fishing tackles: a millennial craft from the Burgas Bay (2016) are now listed on the National Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage. The great success of RHM Burgas came at the first edition of the System, when the custom Nestinarstvo was accepted in the UNESCO Representative List.
The Regional historical museum Burgas will participate once again in the national campaign "Being a Father". <b>On June 17 - International Father's Day, the four museum expositions in Burgas will welcome their visitors - fathers / uncles / grandparents and their children with a half-price ticket, respectively 2.50 BGN per adult and 1 BGN per child over 7 years.
Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June in nearly 80 countries around the world. This is the day when dads and other men of great importance to children can find even more opportunities for happy moments with their children and their families, other fathers and their children's friends.
The place of the father is different for everyone. But becoming a father always changes the place of a man because he gives the chance to be in the most unique position - to care for children to successfully find their place in the world.
More information about "Father's Day" will be found on the Facebook page of the event.