Due to the forthcoming renovation of the building, Ethnographic Museum - Burgas will be closed for visitors from January 18, 2021. A new exhibition for the summer season is to be established at a new location, while the complete renovation of the museum building, additional construction and improvement of the yard.
The Burgas public will be additionally informed about the place and content of the new ethnographic exposition.
During the excavations in Izgrev district, Burgas, in close proximity to the church "St. Atanas”, in May-July 2020 a large Thracian pit sanctuary was opened. 60 cult pits dating from the 6th century BC have been studied. to the IV century BC. In the pits are placed as gifts ceramic vessels - fragmented and whole, as well as the remains of various animals. The most numerous are the bones of horses.
An entire female skeleton was found in one of the pits.
The finds are numerous - a large urn with polished decoration, a crater for mixing wine with water, fragments of painted Greek ceramics, amphorae and amphora seals and many more. etc. A bronze clothing brooch was also found.
The excavations were financed by HIT STROY K and led by Miroslav Klasnakov (RHM - Burgas) and Ilian Petrakiev (RHM Veliko Tarnovo).
In June-July 2020, a regular archaeological survey was carried out at Chiroza National Park, 1.8 km. southeast of Kraimorie. A moat and a stone wall enclosing part of the nose were found. The site dates from the II - I century BC. Stamped pottery from the town of Pergamum, Thracian and Greek pottery from this period were found.
A study of the coast of the promontory revealed spills of stones and fragments of pottery next to the beach. Underwater archeological excavations were organized immediately. They are performed by NIM-Sofia, Center for Underwater Archeology - Sozopol and RIM - Burgas. Numerous finds were found - amphorae, roof tiles, bowls, bowls, stone battle balls, a stone rod. It has been established that part of the land site is flooded by the sea, where buildings made of cut stone blocks are located.
An old shipwreck was also found in the bay near Chiroza. During the excavations, a huge amount of exquisite glass vessels made of painted embossed glass were removed - lids, cups, decanters, etc., produced probably in one of the glass workshops in Italy in the XVIII-XIX centuries. stored in the National History Museum-Sofia.
The excavations are funded by the Municipality of Burgas and are led by Prof. Ivan Hristov, Naiden Prahov, Margarita Popova and Milen Nikolov.
Най-представителните находки от проучванията на тракийското ямно светилище в кв. Изгрев и от разкопките на суша и под вода на н. Чироза, вече са експонирани в самостоятелно обособена изложба в залите на Археологически музей – гр. Бургас. Музеят работи от вторник до събота включително, от 09:00 до 17:00 ч.
The "Revived Exhibition" is part of the international European Green Belt initiative and promotes efforts to protect the rare birds inhabiting the cross-border areas of the three neighboring Balkan countries - Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey. The exhibition will be presented in the hall for temporary exhibitions of the Burgas Museum of Natural History from January 12.
Visitors will have the opportunity to get acquainted with the Imperial Eagle, the Black Vulture, the Red-breasted Goose and the River Tern. An information board tells curious features about rare birds and their habitats. The central place in the exhibition is given to the Lesser Kestrel, a rare species that until recently was considered extinct as a nesting bird from the territory of Bulgaria.
Within the framework of the EU LIFE Project - Life for the Lesser Kestrel LIFE19 NAT / BG / 001017, NGO Green Balkans, takes special care for the conservation of this rare falcon. This exhibition is part of their efforts to draw attention to rare bird species and the importance of their conservation.
The analysis of the bone remains of animals found during the archeological excavations of the castle of the medieval town of Rusokastro has been completed. A total of 6036 bone remains were analyzed, of which 5724 were identified. The materials were processed by the archaeozoologist PhD. Georgi Ribarov.
Traditionally, among the hunted animals are bison, wild boar, fallow deer, red deer, roe deer. Many wild boars are huge - bone remains of 94.2 cm tall specimens were analyzed; 94.3 cm; 95.9 cm; 99.2 cm and even 101.3 cm!
Curious are the wild birds used for consumption by medieval people. Newly discovered are the bones of the Dalmatian Pelican, Sowing Goose, Summer Buzzard, Middle Snipe, Woodpecker and Field Crow. Field crow bones were also found during the excavations of Veliki Preslav. It is not yet clear whether the crows were used for food or hunted for their feathers - they are very beautiful, blue-black in color and may have been used for decoration.
Among domestic animals, the percentage of domestic pig bones is the highest. Followed by the percentage of bones of sheep and lambs, cattle, goats and buffaloes. One of the pigs was huge - its height was 98 cm - almost one meter.
Traditionally, there are many bones from horses, but also from cutters and mules. Bones were also found from a donkey at a young age, the meat of which was certainly consumed.
Numerous shells of marsh mussels, river mussels, two species of sea mussels were found. Among the fish caught are catfish, one of which weighed approx. 10 kg, Carp, caracuda, white fish. One of the white fish weighed approx. 5 kg.
Curious data are also given by the remains of poultry. Among them, in addition to ducks and geese, there are at least three species of chickens. One of them was large, and its closest representatives today are the Rhodeland and Plymouth breeds. There are also remains of slightly smaller specimens, whose closest "relatives" today are of the Leghorn breed. The last, third group, is composed of small hens.
The archeological excavations of the medieval town of Rusokastro are carried out by the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
In 2020, during the excavations of the Rusokastro fortress, two new important finds were discovered. These are the bottoms of cups made with the "sgraffito" technique and depicted individual monograms. One of them is the named MICHAEL, and the other is a monogram of the imperial family PALEOLOGIST. Similar finds are found in the Black Sea cities - Sozopol, Nessebar, Varna, Kastritsi, Kaliakra, and in the cities near the sea - Rusokastro, Provadia and Shumen.
The cups were probably made in Constantinople, and are proof of the lively trade relations between the Bulgarian Black Sea cities and the Byzantine capital. Similar objects are found in the Aegean, in Thessaloniki, Rhodes and on the island of Thassos.
The monograms were discovered while exploring the castle of the medieval town of Rusokastro.
The excavations are carried out by the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The project "Proceedings of the Burgas Museum Volume VII" was approved at a session for funding of projects in the field of movable cultural heritage and visual arts on "Activities for the preservation and presentation of movable cultural heritage and visual arts and art galleries." The project aims to publish more than 20 independent studies of cultural heritage in the Burgas region, collected in a separate volume of the Notices of the Burgas Museum. Here are the presentation of individual finds from the funds of the museum or originating from the region of Burgas, which are of high scientific, artistic and exhibition value.
The funding is 100% from the Ministry of Culture and amounts to BGN 4,850. A total of 170 projects submitted from all over the country, of which 34 have been approved for funding.
Pursuant to the Order of the Minister of Health RD-01-677 / 25.11.2020 in connection with the complicated epidemic situation related to the spread of COVID-19, Regional Historical Museum - Burgas will not be open for visitors in the period 28.11. 2020 - 21.12.2020 inclusive.
This year's excavations of the Rusokastro fortress were completed in the beginning of October 2020. As a result, the dungeon of the castle, a large fragment of the eastern fortress wall and a brand new rectangular tower were completely uncovered.
Usually, every animal bone found is collected during the research process. During their analysis, the archaeozoologist Georgi Ribarov came across an extremely interesting find. This is a shoulder of a horse, found in a layer from the end of the XIII-beginning of the XIV century. It has been subjected to heat treatment - the meat is eaten after roasting, which is clearly visible from the characteristic change in the color of the bone. Then, on one surface of the shoulder in three places there are clear traces of burning. It is almost certain that it is a matter of pressing a hot iron with a circular cross-section on the surface of the bone. In this way, three circles are burned, equidistant from each other, in a line.
Such a case is not known in the scientific literature and historical sources. In Bulgarian traditional culture, the horse is a very strong, sacred animal, and such actions on horse bones are very unusual. It is known that divination on a lamb shoulder by a special person-caretaker, but no similar actions are known on a horse bone.
At the moment, the researchers' working hypothesis is that it is a ritual action, that is completely unknown as a parallel in Bulgarian traditional culture.
It is possible that this discovery was related to a completely foreign culture - it is possible that Tatars or Cumans performed this ritual.
The excavations of the Rusokastro fortress are carried out by the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.
Due to the complicated epidemic situation, the traditional annual round table in the town of Ahtopol, organized by the Black Sea Strandzha Association and dedicated to the cultural heritage of Strandzha, took place in a limited composition. Petar Kanev, chairman of the association, and Milen Nikolov, director of RHM-Burgas were present. An overview of the archeological excavations on the southern Black Sea coast in 2020 was made, as well as the achieved results. The prospects for conducting archeological and historical research in the Strandzha region in 2021 in the conditions of a pandemic were also discussed.
At the end of the meeting, an Agreement for cooperation and joint activities was signed between the Black Sea Strandzha Association and the Burgas Regional History Museum, in accordance with the normative documents in the field of cultural heritage. It is planned to implement joint projects in the field of scientific publishing, joint exhibitions and promotion of the cultural heritage of Strandzha.
The meeting was held under the patronage of Valcho Cholakov - District Governor of Burgas, and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Boni Petrunova, Director of the National History Museum - Sofia.