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Ethnographic Museum Burgas presents the traditional Christmas Eve table
Wednesday, 22 Dec 2010 - Ethnographical Museum

In connection with the upcoming Christmas holidays, Ethnographic Museum Burgas presents the traditional Christmas Eve table.

The traditional feast for Christmas Eve is symbolic; it recreates a special rite for fertility and good fortune. Everything that is put on the table - a ritual bread, garlic, corn, popcorn, beans, apples, dried fruits, honey, walnuts, quinces, should bring plenty. Arrange are only Lenten dishes strictly of odd number: 7, 9, 11, for example: sarmi (rolls) with sour cabbage leaves, stuffed peppers with rice, pumpkin pie (tikvenik). The more dishes, the richer will be the year. An old silver coin placed inside one of the dishes as a symbol of the property in the new year. According to the tradition, there are three types of ritual bread: the first one is dedicated to the holiday (“bogovitsa”, “bogova pita”, “svetets” (English: Saint) - a large round loaf decorated with dough), second type is dedicated to the farm labour and peasants (with various decorations) and the third one is meant for the carollers “koledari” ("rambled-bent" bagel).
The ritual table is censed by the eldest in the family. In Burgas region for the ethnographic group Zagorci this is the first “censed” dinner, and for the groups Ruptsi and Tronki, it is the second (after St. Nicholas' Day).
On Christmas Eve the fire should not be put out because it is associated with the birth of the "Young God" during this certain night. The Yule log “budnik” is burning in the fireplace, which is usually special selected thick oak or pear log. It symbolizes the world tree that is connecting heaven and earth and brings order to the world. The Yule log “budnik” is also seen as symbol of fertility and vitality. It is not left to burn the whole. Once extinguished, the people put it behind the door and part is made into a plough. Its ashes have magical healing power and can be used to predict the future.
The Christmas Eve dinner starts early “so the corn to ripen early”. During the meal, none has been allowed to leave the table, only the house keeper may stand up but he walks bend, as the corn grains and tree branches to be bending under the weight of their fruit.
© Rosica Topalova

Photo: Community Center Samoobrazovanie at the village of Galabets, Municipality Pomorie.

Natural History Museum in Support of the Environmental Education
Tuesday, 21 Dec 2010 - Natural-History Museum

Natural History Museum in Support of the Environmental Education
Project of RIM - Burgas, funded by America for Bulgaria Foundation

This project is an attempt to awaken interest in environmental issues and environmental protection, by students of the technology era. The biology texts may seem monotonous and boring, if served without visual aids. This is a huge obstruction for the absorption of knowledge and drastically reduces the quality of education, which affects the students and limits the enrichment of their culture and knowledge. The team of Natural History exposition - Burgas has developed a methodology, which turns the exhibits examination in the museum into an exciting adventure, especially for younger children. For students with interests in biology it provides a basis and opportunity to deepen their knowledge, and why not to develop them into their future profession.
The project will be implemented in 4 stages:
• Advertising Campaign - publishing and distribution of a wall calendar and museum brochures in any biology study rooms at the Burgas schools. The calendar will contain information about important environmental events - Earth Day, Wetlands Day, Bird Day, etc.
• In early February, eco-club will open doors at the museum. Its main objective will be to raise children with an interest in biology and to provide access to current scientific environmental research. Meetings would be held once a week - mornings and afternoon. Lectures will be held on different biological topics in the form of modern multimedia presentation. The proximity of the museum to the sea garden will help in the early spring, the lectures to be accompanied with excursions to the nature.
• Next stage of the project is to conduct summer Zoo Academy - Adventure in the Museum. For five days the children are divided into two age groups - 14 and over 14 years. The little explorers will get acquainted with the Museum's collections and will be presented with rich biological information in the form of entertaining games with environmental thematic. On the last day of the Zoo Academy, each child will be awarded a diploma.
• An exhibition of materials produced by the children during the summer Zoo Academy will be organized in July.
For further information and registration, dial Tel: +359 56 843 239 or []send us a message on our e-mail.[/url]

[url=uploads/Prirodonauchen_muzei_dipliana.pdf]Natural History museum Ad[/url]

Monday, 20 Dec 2010 - Ethnographical Museum

Ignazhden / 20.12 /
[img left]uploads/images/misc/st.ignatius.jpg[/img] This Christian holiday is celebrated in honour of St. Ignatius, he also called himself Bogomolets (Greek: Theophorus “God Bearer”). From Ignazhden until Christmas Eve is the time of Virgin Mary’s throes, who was going to give birth to the young Son of God. According to popular belief Ignazhden is the start of New Year’s and Christmas holidays.
The main ritual on this day is called “polyazvane”. The women watch careful who will enter their home first on this day and so they predict what will be the upcoming year. If the first to enter is a good man and a housekeeper, there'll be a fruitful and happy year for the family. This person, who enters first in the house is called “polyaznik”. The family prepares a special ritual table for the “polyaznik” in order to express their respect and honour towards the guest.
On this day takes place the first Christmas dinner. The food is entirely vegetarian - yeast bread without decorations, bagels, cooked bulgur, potatoes with rice, boiled beans and corn, dried fruits, cabbage, onion, garlic. A candle is ignited on top of the boiled wheat or the bread. The oldest family member censes the table with lit incense.

Round loaf with yeast
Ingredients: 1kg flour, 10g yeast, 150g milk and 150g water, 5g salt.

The flour is placed in a bowl and a small pit is made in the middle where are poured milk, water, yeast and crushed salt. All this is mixed in dough and then formed into a loaf to be placed in a baking dish. Bake after the rise.

Round open bagels are made from the dough for yeast bread. Scatter on top with salt and sesame. Leave in a warm place to rise and smear over with water before baking.
© Krasimira Dubarova

St.Nicolas' Day with us
Thursday, 09 Dec 2010 - Ethnographical Museum

On St. Nicholas' Day, the yard of the Ethnographical Museum was filled with people - young and old, officially engaged and such who came of their own accord, busy and relaxed, but all under the influence of the festive mood and a particular enthusiasm ...
The consecration of the ritual table was served by Father Peter from the Cathedral St. Cyril and Methodius and the Deputy Mayor for Culture and Education Yordanka Ananieva completed the ritual by breaking the festive bread. According to traditions, the way the loaf was split into, bodes that in the next year, the men will have to do more work and the initiative in every endeavour will be theirs. First to try of “bogovitsata” (ritual bread) donated by “Bread and bakery products – Burgas”, were the sailors veterans who always enthusiastically participate in all events at St. Nicholas' Day.

Women from Center Vselena surprised the audience with their cheerful dolls marina style.
In their paintings from the exhibition "St. Nicholas and the sea", the students of Mrs. Anna Ivanova from "Hristo Botev" School - Sarafovo have painted their vision of the saint and St. Nicholas holiday.
Foundation "Bulgarian Craft Masters" offered to the visitors, traditional Bulgarian pottery, textiles, icons and other souvenirs.
Exclusive interest raised the Exhibition "Burgas, Eternally Bound to the Sea", arranged in the yard of the Ethnographical Museum. Photo posters present the history of Burgas, the city in weekday and weekend, winter and summer, its beach, harbour and nearby island of St. Anastasia ... And the sea is not a background here, nor a metaphor - it is part of our lives. Therefore, the motto we chose for our exhibition a quatrain by the well-known poet Ivan Nenkov:
"Your home is the city by the sea,
here is the white harbour, from where
following their hopes and mirages,
all crews have been leaving."

St. Nicholas' Day marks the beginning of the great Expectation, the Christmas eve representing birth of a new life, birth of hope. In folk beliefs Saint Nicholas did not only rescue sailors in trouble or the fallen in storm, he is patron of the uneasy transition from the old to the new year. With his ship he carries us to the new, the better and more desired. May our hopes for health, happiness, success, peace and calm days, not be wasted!
Text by Rosica Topalova

Joint initiative of the English Language School and Burgas Museum dedicated to the Day of Burgas.
Tuesday, 07 Dec 2010 - Ethnographical Museum

An interesting initiative organized by RIM - Burgas and Geo Milev ELMS took place in relation with the Day of Burgas.
On 03.12.2010 students from the English High School visited the Ethnographic Exposition.
The students – young artists performed breath taking verses dedicated to Burgas.
The exhibition "The Woman of Burgas during the 30 and 40 years of the twentieth century" grabbed the students' attention and RIM Burgas PR Rosica Topalova explained more about the project idea and realization.
Literary Society Geo Milev ELMS, led by Dora Lazarova presented the museum with a gift - a porcelain coffee set from the early twentieth century.
Students participated in a small "fashion" show, presenting original costumes from past.

Happy St. Nicholas’ Day!
Monday, 06 Dec 2010 - Global

St. Nicholas’ Day

[img left]uploads/images/misc/sv_Nikola.jpg[/img]St. Nicholas Day, also known as St. Nichola or Riben (Fish) St. Nicholas, is one of the most celebrated holidays in the Bulgarian folk calendar. Each year it is celebrated on 6th of December. St. Nicholas’ holiday is also celebrated as the Day of Burgas.
Six December is the date marked the end of the life of St. Nicholas, also known as Archbishop Mirlikiyski or Miracle Worker. He was born in the second half of the 3rd century in Patara, a city in Asia Minor province Lycia. Although often persecuted and tortured for his faith in Christ, he reached old age and died in 342 AD. His body was interred in the cathedral in the town of Mir. On May 9 1087, His relics were taken to the city of Bari - Italy, where they remain till present day. This event marks the beginning of the holiday dedicated to St. Nicholas.
According to popular belief, when the world had been shared, the water was given to St. Nicholas. Therefore he is honored as the master of the water, of the sea, protector of sailors and fishermen, defender of the weak and those in distress. During his earthly life he performed many miracles, which is why he has been called the Miracle Worker.
St. Nicholas is also protector of the traders. On this day sailors, fishermen and traders make a solemn procession in honor of their patron.
On St. Nicholas' Day in every house a special festive dish is prepared. The dish is called "Rybnik" and is made of whole carp stuffed with bulgur, rice, raisins, onions, walnuts or carp baked in dough. In each house two ritual breads are kneaded - one called "bogov" or "bogovitsa" and another "nikulski".
© Krasimira Dubarova

Happy St. Nicholas Day - Celebration of Burgas and its inhabitants, all seamen, fishermen and traders!
May St. Nicholas protect our wonderful city and all of us citizens of Burgas!

Suggestion for St. Nicholas' day festive dish
Saturday, 04 Dec 2010 - Ethnographical Museum

Fish kebab in a clay pot
Ingredients: 700g fish fillet, 150g (3 / 4 cup) vegetable oil, 500g leek (4-5 sticks), 300g (4-5 pcs.) red tomatoes, 2 eggs, 50g (1/3 cup) yoghurt, ½ bundle parsley, 5 pcs. marinated red paprika, 200ml (1 cup) white wine, 50g cheese, 1 lemon, 2-3 hot peppers, seeds black pepper and salt to taste.
The fish is cut into pieces, add salt and stew in some of the fat. Cut the leek into slices and stew it in the remaining oil until soft, then add chopped tomatoes and red paprika, wine, black pepper and chopped parsley. Put the fish on top, pour in beaten eggs mixed with yogurt and sprinkle with grated cheese. The dish is baked until the fat remains. Serve with lemon and hot peppers.

St.Nicolas Day Celebration Programme
Friday, 03 Dec 2010 - Ethnographical Museum

Regional Historical Museum - Burgas
would like to invite you to our ST. NICOLAS DAY CELEBRATION PROGRAMME
on 06.12.2010, at 10:30 AM, in the Ethnographic Exposition /ul.Slavyanska 69/

1. Consecration of St. Nicholas' Day ritual dishes.
3. EXHIBITION OF DOLLS MADE BY WOMEN OF BURGAS - Presentation of the NGO Centre "Vselena".
4. EXHIBITION OF CHILDREN’S ART WORKS from "Hristo Botev" School, district Sarafovo with head teacher A. Ivanova.
5. EXHIBITION-MARKET OF FOUNDATION "BULGARIAN CRAFT MASTERS" - traditional ceramics, fabrics and souvenirs

Famous people of Burgas
Thursday, 18 Nov 2010 - Historical Museum

Visit the newest addition to the website of RIM Burgas: [url][curlang]&page=encyc&enc=notable[/url]
Here you will learn more about prominent persons from Burgas - people who contributed to culture, development and modern look of the city. Presented are public figures, cultural workers, architects and teachers.
If you have any suggestions for public figures who you would like to be included, please send us an []EMAIL[/url] or write to us on Facebook: [url][/url]

1st November - Day of the leaders of the Bulgarian National Revival
Monday, 01 Nov 2010 - Global

On 1st November - Day of the leaders of the Bulgarian National Revival, all four expositions of the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas will be open free of charge.
Happy Holiday!

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