A project of the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas for archaeological excavations and field conservation was approved for financial support in 2020. It is to continue the study of the castle of the medieval town of Rusokastro. The financing amounts to BGN 23,780 and is granted by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria. In the group where the project is applying - at the most important archeological sites in Bulgaria, only 36 projects from all over the country have been approved.
To a large extent the positive ranking is a consequence of the fact that the project is co-financed for another year by the Municipality of Kameno. In 2020, it will allocate BGN 35,000 for the continuation of the archeological excavations.
In parallel with the archeological work, the design of conservation, socialization and exposure of the studied fortress walls, towers, buildings and other facilities in the castle is carried out.
The archeological excavations of the Thracian sanctuary in the Burgas complex "Izgrev", which were conducted by the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas, have ended. 60 ritual pits have been explored on the site. Numerous animal bones were found in them, which will be subjected to zooarchaeological analysis, and human bones, which will be subjected to anthropological and DNA analysis.
Among the artifacts found at the archeological site are ceramic vessels, fragmented pottery, fragments of amphorae and bronze fibulae, a knife blade and an urn, which is in the process of restoration. A thorough study of the finds is still pending, said the scientific director of the archeological site, assistant Miroslav Klasnakov.
Thracian pit sanctuary is from VI-IV century BC. Rescue archeological excavations at the site started on May 26, 2020 in the area of a construction site for the construction of a future residential building.
On Thursday, July 23, at 6 pm, in the yard of the Ethnographic Exposition of the Regional Historical Museum - Burgas, 69 Slavyanska Street, a presentation of the book "The History of the village of Rosen, Burgas region" by Mila Chukleva will take place. The book is an in-depth ethnographic study conducted in 1962 and contains a variety of information about the population, history, geography, nature, livelihood and way of life of the settlement. The book contains forgotten songs, descriptions of authentic rites and customs, ancient beliefs and superstitions. There are also tips from folk medicine, recipes for dishes and many more interesting highlights related to the life of the locals in ancient times.
The work of the researchers in the archeological complex Aquae calidae in Burgas continues, announced the head-of-research of the site, Assoc. Prof. Dimcho Momchilov. During the current archeological season, excavations are being carried out in the northeastern sector of the complex.
"The idea is, if possible, to complete the northeastern apoditerium / vestibule / of the ancient, early Byzantine and medieval bath this year. Then to start designing, partial conservation and restoration. At the same time, the exploration and clearing of the embankments continues. The tendency is in the future, after freeing up space, footbridges, the approach of tourists, to develop in the direction of the northeastern part of the bath. tourists ", said Assoc. Prof. Momchilov.
"We take this opportunity to thank the Municipality of Burgas and the Regional Historицал Museum - Burgas. Funding for the excavations is provided by the Municipality of Burgas through RHM - Burgas," said the archaeologist.
Among the interesting new finds from the current archeological season is a monumental step that carries a roof structure. In general, the already known information about the existence of early strata here is repeated.
"We have found construction from the Roman period thus the Roman pottery. Since the beginning of the excavations this summer we have found over 40 coins, most of which are from the 4th century AD, as well as very mass material from the same century. Archaeological information about the last basin from the time of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom. We found a base on which the pool was developed. However, our goal is to study the earliest layers to go down to the original construction of the bath. It will now be reconstructed, conserved and restored. " informs the scientific supervisor of the site.
"Our desire is to explore the shaft we found east of the building. It is from an early period and is very interesting. There are partially preserved water pipes and we will try to open it this year. It had a variety of materials, but only after when I open it, I can say how long it has been for sure. In any case, for me this shaft is connected with the early Roman bath, and the construction of the whole early Byzantine bath was in accordance with this shaft ", explained Assoc. Prof. Momchilov.
Excavations at the Aquae calidae archeological complex are scheduled to continue until the end of July.
Historical sources indicate that Aquae calidae - Thermopolis originated around the warm Burgas mineral springs in Thracian times, in the first millennium BC. Then the Thracians turned the hot spring into a revered sanctuary of the Three Nymphs. The spa complex has an area of six acres. In the north-south direction its length is 86 meters. Due to the healing mineral springs Aquae calidae - Thermopolis has existed without interruption for centuries. Due to the constant interest in the healing water, a whole city has sprung up around the bath. In the late Middle Ages, Aquae calidae became known as Therma or Thermopolis (from the Greek - warm city). In the 6th century the ancient settlement already has expanded baths and built fortress walls. In the 16th century, Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent appreciated the healing properties of the water and built a modern Turkish bath here.
The exhibition "Nestinarstvo - Bulgarian magic with glowing embers" is among the most attractive and desirable exhibitions of the Regional Historical Museum of Burgas. The exhibition has visited various points and regions in the country - BAS Sofia, HM-Kavarna, RHM-Haskovo, EMO "Etar", RHM-Shumen, REM-Plovdiv, etc., also travelled to Poland. Today the exhibition can be seen in the hall of the Ethnographic Exposition (69 Slavyanska Street) every day from 10:00 to 19:00 until the end of August 2020.
The author of the exposition is Tsonya Drazheva (1954-2013), who was also the director of the museum in Burgas for many years.
Everyone interested of the ancient custom will have the opportunity to see and get acquainted with exhibits and photos related to the magical dance, performed on the night of the 3rd against the 4th of June in the village of Bulgari, municipality Tsarevo. Among the most famous performers of the ritual remains Baba Zlata, who entered the embers during her whole life.
Regional Historical Museum - Burgas will participate in the thematic weekend organized by the Municipality of Burgas, dedicated to Strandzha. Highlights of the exhibitions will be shown under the motto: "Nature, traditions, customs and cultural heritage of Strandzha."
The Archaeological Exposition at 21 Bogoridi Blvd. shows unique artifacts, some of which researchers have found in sites studied on the territory of Strandzha. Next to the museum building is exhibited a dolmen from the village of Belevren - a model representing the megalithic culture of the Thracian tribes in the II - I millennium BC. Also on display are elements of ancient metallurgy, finds from the Coastal Strandzha, coins, various interesting objects found in the Roman colony Deultum, which is located at the foot of the mountain. One of the most interesting exhibits related to Strandzha and exhibited in the Archaeological Museum are the tombstones of the Bimbalovi family from the village of Fakia. Stefan Karadja is considered a descendant of this famous family.
In the Ethnographic Exposition at 69 Slavyanska Street you can see an exhibition of RIM - Burgas, dedicated to firefighting and watch a film dedicated to the games in the fire. The production was shot in 1965 and is at the Boyana Film Studio. It presents authentic footage from the traditional rituals held in the fire-fighting village of Bulgari. The exposition presents Strandzha costumes, mummer's costume, jewelry and household items.
The natural science exposition at 30 Fotinov Street shows the nature in Strandzha. In it you can see many of the most interesting representatives of the fauna - mammals, birds, insects and coastal inhabitants of the sea depths. Visitors will also learn interesting details about their lives. Photographs and herbariums show the plants, most of which are difficult to find and identify in nature by a layman. The collection of minerals gives a detailed idea of the riches of the beautiful Bulgarian mountains.
The working hours of the Archaeological, Ethnographic and Natural Science Exposition are from 10.00 to 19.00. The prices of the entrance tickets are: for adults - 5 BGN, pupils, students and pensioners - 2 BGN, children up to 7 years - free visit.
A collection of seven new bronze figures of a Thracian horseman is exhibited in the hall of the Archaeological Museum in Burgas. The finds are from the II - III century. The figures are thematically related and are parts of compositions composed of three elements - the rider and the horse stepped on a foundation. The foundation, on the one hand, enhances the significance of the presented scene, but on the other hand, it functionally keeps the figures upright. Once upon a time, the old masters soldered the elements of the figurines together with the help of tin with impurities. Time has a destructive effect on the tin and the compositions have separated. That is why the parts usually reach us individually and very rarely a complete composition can be found. For the purpose of exposition and for visual presentation of the three parts, in one of the figures they are collected from different compositions.
One of the objects was discovered during the archeological excavations of the Rusokastro fortress in 2019. Five of the figures have been donated to the museum after a donation from Hachik Papazyan. One of the valuable objects, the one with the most precise workmanship, was discovered in Pomorie in 1970.
The artifacts were restored by Silvia Borisova - a restorer in RIM-Burgas. They will be part of the permanent exposition of the Archaeological Museum.
The Burgas museum will join the upcoming retro weekend, 3-5 July. To go back in time, we have prepared for you interesting experiences in the Ethnographic Exhibition at 69 Slavyanska Street in the seaside town. During both days you will have the opportunity to see what a room in a former Burgas house looked like, you will be able to learn more about Burgas women from the last century, you will have the opportunity to wear a dress from the beginning of the XX century and take pictures with it.
The fee for a photo with a retro dress is BGN 10.00.