In the latest museum lecture for 2019, Plamen Kirova, editor-in-chief of the Ethnography department, will talk about the Christmas holidays in Burgas. They begin at the beginning of December with a festive cycle dedicated to the saints Sava, Barbara and Nicholas, culminating in the carols that announce the birth of the Young God. From the lecture you will be able to learn more about ritual meals, breads baked specifically for Christmas and Christmas, and the traditions during these days.
In addition to the December ritual calendar, Plamen Kirova will share information and impressions from the opening of the exhibition "Christmas Holidays in Burgas", which opened a week ago in the Alpine ski resort of Wagrain. The exhibition of the Burgas Museum is part of the presentation of Bulgarian culture in Austria and will remain for the winter season at the Stille Nacht Museum (Silent Night).
The traditional lecture of the Burgas Museum will be held this Saturday, December 14, at 11:30 am at the Ethnographic Exposition at 69 Slavyanska St. (behind St. Cyril and St. Methodius Church). The entrance fee is preferential - for adults 2 BGN, and for students and pensioners - 1 BGN.
Traditionally, the Regional historical museum of Burgas will present to the citizens of Burgas and the guests of the city a ceremonial Nikulden table. It will be arranged in the garden next to the Clock in the morning on December 6, Friday. Its consecration will start at 10:45 am, and traditionally the ritual bread of Nikulden will be broken by the host - the Mayor of Burgas Dimitar Nikolov.
In the Bulgarian folk calendar Nicholas Day marks the beginning of the real winter. St. Nicholas is described as an old man with a white head and a long white beard. The people call him still old Saint Nicholas. The saint shakes his long white beard and pours out the first snowflakes. For the first snow, the farmers must be prepared in advance, and so are the sayings "Drive wood, grind flour, that the cold is coming!", "Nikulice, Barbarian, car flour, car wood!" the snow! " At the same time, St. Nicholas protects the sea from freezing.
An important place in the winter rite of passage is the ceremonial table where fish is always present. That is why the holiday is often called "St. Nicholas Fish" or "St. Nicholas Wet". Folk tradition calls for the sacrifice of a saint to sacrifice a fish whose body is covered with scales because "naked fish" instilled sad thoughts of nudity and poverty. Under the influence of Christian religion, a second condition is set: that the fish have a cross-shaped bone on its head. These requirements are met by carp, platypus, barbel and spread. The most festive fish dish is considered carp in the nickel or carp, stuffed carp in the crust (dough), and the stuffing can be different. Beside the fish dishes of the ceremonial table are also arranged lean dishes - beans, lean trumpets, lean stuffed peppers, boiled wheat, bulgur, corn. In addition, special ritual breads are prepared for the feast - goddess, god bread, nickel cow, nickel kolak. They are decorated by modeling the image of a saint or his ship from dough.
St. Nicholas is one of the most revered saints in the entire Christian world, but why did he turn to Santa Claus, we will find out this Saturday, December 7, during the traditional lecture at the museum. The chief curator of the History Museum in Burgas - Ivanka Deleva will tell in detail about the "good old man" and his connection with the Christmas presents.
St. Nicholas' kindness and mercy are the cause of his immense popularity around the world, and his actions are becoming a universal example of imitation. The miracles attributed to the good old man are so many that he patronizes children, sailors, prisoners, lawyers, non-families, bankers and merchants. In his name are baptized children and temples, cities and tourist sites, vessels, natural landmarks and more. The saint's image is reproduced in icons, souvenirs, stained glass in churches, by sea lights and all architectural works. While in the East the veneration and image of St. Nicholas remain unchanged for centuries, in the Western countries he is intertwined with a local deity of cold and various creeds that make him a noble old man with a white and long beard. As early as November, Sinterklaas began touring the houses to see if the children were obedient, and on December 6th, Saint Nicolas day, the best gifts were given out. Invisible Sinter Klaas becomes Santa Claus, and Christian symbolism gives way to lavish Christmas bazaars, euphoric celebrations and chocolate figures of the "good old man". Today, in many countries around the world, there are initiatives to "differentiate" Saint Nicholas from Santa, separating the Christmas holidays from reverence for the saint and focusing on his messages, and these are the pursuit of God's wisdom, compassion, charity without showing, doing for the good for the sake of the good itself.
The traditional lecture of the Burgas Museum will be held this Saturday, December 7, at 11:30 am at the Ethnographic Exposition at 69 Slavyanska St. (behind St. Cyril and St. Methodius Church). The entrance fee is preferential - for adults 2 BGN, and for students and pensioners - 1 BGN.
Burgas Christmas holidays have been presented at a special exhibition in the Stille Nacht Museum in the Alpine resort of Wagrain. The exhibition is a work of the Regional Historical Museum Burgas in collaboration with the local tourist association Cultural Association Blue Fenster and the Honorary Consulate of Austria in Burgas.
The exhibition shows the traditional Bulgarian holidays, customs and beliefs in December. They begin with the days of the saints Barbara, Sava and Nicholas, and continue with Ignatius and culminate on Christmas Eve and Christmas. In addition to information, the exhibition presents original Christmas costumes, costumes from Strandzha, ritual breads and several types of breadcrumbs.
The exhibition was opened in the presence of many honorable guests from both countries, among them the Honorary Consul of Austria in Burgas Assoc. Prof. Radostina Ivanova-Mishineva, the Regional Governor of Burgas Region Valcho Cholakov, the Director of the Regional History Museum-Burgas Dr. Milen Nikolov, Salzburg Local Representative Elizabeth Huber and Wagrain Mayor Axel Elmer.
The most exciting part of the event was the presentation of authentic folklore by the women of the Enlightenment-1929 Community Center, Lyulyakovo, Ruen Municipality. They allowed the guests to get acquainted with the magic of Bulgarian singing, dancing and cuisine. The inhabitants of the alpine town tried green herbs, banitsa with bulgur, pumpkin and gut, and the beans prepared on the traditional Lyulyak recipe turned out to be their absolute favorite. Immediately after its opening, the exhibition "Christmas Holidays from Burgas" was also viewed by our compatriots living in the nearby settlements.
The presentation of Bulgarian culture in Wagrain will continue with a second event in mid-December. Then a group of PGT "Prof. Dr. Assen Zlatarov" - Burgas will show their culinary skills on the spot, and the "Atanas Manchev" dance ensemble are invited to present a short folklore program.
The Silent Night Museum tells the story of the world's most famous Christmas song and the creator of its text, Joseph Moore. The place is one of the attractions in the alpine town of Wagrain, which mainly deals with ski tourism and makes 3 million nights a year. The Burgas Exhibition will stay there for the active winter season and will have the opportunity to promote Burgas as a destination for cultural tourism. To this end, an ad catalog has been created with brief information about the seaside town and local traditions.
How difficult it is to recognize a snake from a lizard we will understand this Saturday November 30, during the traditional lecture at the Burgas museum. The biologist Bozhana Ribarova will introduce us to the little-known world of reptiles and the so-called legless lizards, which most people have no idea about. Their limbs are completely stunted, and they closely resemble snakes.
There are two interesting representatives of these lizards in Bulgaria - one of them is smaller in size and often goes unnoticed, as the other one is large, easily noticeable and very often people kill it by confusing it with a snake. Knowing the characteristics and peculiarities of the two species of legless lizards in Bulgaria, we find out how harmless they are. Experts remind that it is important to protect these species and not kill them - both them and other species of reptiles, so as not to disturb the diversity and beauty of the Bulgarian herpetofauna, and last but not least, to preserve the ecological balance in the native nature.
The traditional lecture in the Burgas Museum will be held this Saturday, November 30, at 11:30 am at the Ethnographic Exposition at 69 Slavyanska St. (behind St. Cyril and St. Methodius Church). The entrance fee is preferential - for adults 2 BGN and for students and pensioners - 1 BGN.
Until the middle of the last century in Obzor above the surface there were still visible remains of the majestic walls of a late antique fortress. Unfortunately, as in many other places in Bulgaria, in a very short time these certificates of the glorious past of the settlements were not only leveled with the ground, but because of the new construction were completely erased. This clearly shows the difference between the real reality and the proclaimed Bulgarian patriotism, which should include the care of the cultural and historical heritage as a source of national pride.
In recent years in Obzor there has been a trend of strong cooperation between the mayoralty and the Museum of Ancient Nessebar. The newly discovered archeological sites are announced in a timely manner in order to carry out the necessary research, funded by the Municipality of Nessebar. As a result, little by little the traces of the former grandeur of this fortress, which was part of the great barrier in the Eastern Balkan Mountains, built by the Eastern Roman Empire to resist the invading northeast invaders, are beginning to be revealed. Among them were our ancestors, who took over these territories to create the glorious Bulgarian medieval state. What are the latest discoveries - you will find out from the museum lecture organized by the Regional History Museum Burgas and presented by archaeologist Konstantin Gospodinov.
The traditional lecture of the Burgas Museum will be held this Saturday, November 23, at 11:30 am at the Ethnographic Exposition at 69 Slavyanska St. (behind St. Cyril and St. Methodius Church). The entrance fee is preferential - for adults 2 BGN, and for students and pensioners - 1 BGN.
On the eve of November 21 - Christian Family Day, the theme of the Saturday lecture at the Burgas Museum will be "The Family in the Folk Tradition". The guide in the Ethnographic Exposition Polina Ivanova will tell how the traditional Bulgarian wedding in the beginning of the 20th century went - from the wedding in the engagement period to the very climax. The preparation for the wedding began a week earlier and was related to various rituals that are not performed today - preparing several kinds of festive buns, performing the rituals of "sowing" and "grinding the bulgur", decorating wedding banners.
Welcome on November 16, 2019 from 11.30 am at the Ethnographic Museum on 69 Slavyanska St. We are looking forward to seeing you!
The entrance fee is preferential - for adults 2 BGN, and for students and pensioners - 1 BGN.
Camels strolled between the walls of the Rusokastro fortress during the Middle Ages. This is clear from the prepared report on the animal bones discovered during the excavations in 2019. The author of the study is Burgas zoologist Dr. Georgi Ribarov.
In addition to the bones from tur, or wild cattle, which were discovered in 2017, the remains of a European bison, also known as European bison, were found this summer. It reaches a weight of more than 1 tonne and a length of more than 3 m.
Particularly important are the remains of a camel found, probably in the back. So far from the Middle Ages, only the remains of the Tuida fortress near the present-day town of Sliven are known from Bulgaria. From the Roman and Late Antiquity, camel bones were found only in Kabile, near the present day Yambol, and Nikopolis ad Istrum, up to the present day Veliko Tarnovo. According to Dr. Ribarov, the open camel bone in Rusokastro shows the importance of the medieval city as a trading center, since in the Middle Ages camels were used only for caravan trade and, more rarely, for traveling circuses.
Wild mammals have discovered red deer, fallow deer, jackal, fox, wild goat, wolf, wild boar, wild rabbit. Remains of the wild goat are important - a species that inhabits the high parts of the mountains and is particularly difficult to hunt.
Wild birds have discovered bones of colchid pheasant, partridge, keclik, large droplet, gray crane, swan, black-footed diver, duck bats, rock pigeon, great white heron, common mussel. The hawk bones probably have to be associated with raising them as animals that the nobles hunted.
Domestic mammals are represented by domestic pig, sheep, goat, horse, donkey, cutter, mule, dog, cat, cattle, buffalo. Most are bones from domestic pigs, followed by those from sheep and goats. Poultry are represented by hen, duck, goose. Chicken bones dominate, and sensitively.
Of particular interest are the remains of aquatic inhabitants. Among the marine species are sturgeon and palamud, the latter reaching 2.5-3 kg. In addition, shells of peacock, green sea crab and four species of sea shells were found.
Freshwater inhabitants have documented caracuda, carp, catfish, whitefish, freshwater mussels. Remains of two types of terrestrial tortoises have been found and consumed baked with the shells.
The analysis of the results of the study made a great contribution to the restoration of the natural environment in which medieval people lived. It is strong to note that in 2019, 32.2% of open bones are from wild animals - that is, one third of the castle's meat diet is from game.
The excavations of Rusokastro Castle are carried out by the Regional Museum of History - Burgas and are funded by the Municipality of Kameno and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria.